Schengen visa provides an unrestricted freedom to travel
to and through the Schengen area to non-Schengen country citizens. This
arrangement is part of treaty organization that has been planned as symbol
of unified Europe.
This arrangement paved way for extending unrestricted
travel permission through the demarked Schengen area to nationals of Schengen
states and traveling foreign citizens.
The basic element of the laws of this treaty is promoting
idea of Schengen states as being part of one nation which permits the
travelers to traverse through the length and breadth of the continent
in a similar way as one would travel through states of a country.
The agreement was ratified by 5 of 10 member states of
European Economic Community organization near Schengen in Luxembourg in
1985 and was complimented by a convention to apply the agreement in 1990.
These provisions were finally enforced in 1995. This treaty was conceptualized
and integrated into the mainstream European Union laws and statutes through
treaty of Amsterdam in 1997. Currently there are 26 ratifying member states
in this arrangement.
- Czech Republic
Out of the 26 members only 4 countries are not European
Union members i.e. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland and
2 European Union Members United Kingdom and Ireland are not part of the
Schengen treaty organization.
All internal borders have been abolished and immigration
check posts removed for the visitors holding Schengen Visa, however a
non-EEA national must always carry all relevant documents that demonstrate
the objective of travel to this region.
The usual term of the entry permission granted under
this arrangement can not exceed 3 months in given period of 6 years. the
tenure of the stay of 3 months is calculated from the date of entry into
the country. Schengen Visa can be single entry permission or multiple
entry permission. A single entry arrangement runs continuously from the
date of entry into a Schengen state from where the journey is originating
i.e. the country which has granted you this travel permit.
Multiple entry permission permits you to depart and arrive
back in this territory several times but the cumulative period of all
subsequent residence can not go beyond 3 months which is calculated from
the date of first entry on basis of such a permission. It is necessary
that this period of 3 months residence must be within the 6 months (calculated
from the first date of entry on basis of this permission.