Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) allows Canadian Provinces and Territories to nominate people who meet local economic or labor market needs, for immigration to Canada. These people are required to possess the skills, education and work experience needed to make a contribution to the economy of the province or territory that nominates them. The PNP is a fast track option for those who wish to gain permanent residence in Canada.
Canadian Provinces and territories have several streams in their PNPs, which can be largely classified as:
- Skilled workers
- Semi-skilled workers
- Business, Self-employed or Investors
- International graduates
- Family and/or community connections
You must apply under the PNP in two steps:
- You must have been nominated by a Canadian Province or Territory
- After a Canadian Province or territory nominates you, you have to apply to the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence. A CIC officer will subsequently assess your application regardful of Canadian immigration rules.
You must prove your language proficiencies in English or French by taking a language test with an agency approved or designated by the CIC and including the results when you fill out your application. This language test will show if your ability to listen, speak, read and write in English or French meets a minimum standard. To learn about the standard for the Canadian province or territory that you want to live in, check their respective websites. The test results must not be more than 2 years old on the day you apply for immigration. The language test should be taken if you are applying for this program:
- For a semi-skilled or low-skilled job in the National Occupation List (NOC) Skill Level C (Intermediate jobs) or Skill Level D (Labour jobs)
- Under the Express Entry system for a job in the NOC Skill Type 0 (Management jobs), NOC Skill Level A (Professional jobs) or NOC Skill Level B (Technical jobs and skilled trades)
How the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) works
To be able to immigrate to Canada through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), you must have been nominated by a Canadian Province or Territory. Most of Canada’s provinces and territories have PNPs to nominate people for immigration to Canada. To qualify for a nomination by a Canadian Province or Territory, you are required to have the skills, education and work experience needed to make a contribution to the economy of that province or territory.
You must apply for permanent residence under the PNP in two stages.
- Firstly, you need to apply directly to the Canadian Province or Territory where you wish to settle, to be considered under its Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). The Province or Territory will then assess your application based on the following two factors:
- If you will be able to meet its local economic or labor market needs, and those of Canada
- If you genuinely plan on living there
Each Province and Territory participating in the PNP has its own criteria and nomination guidelines. They differ and can be changed without notice. You can find the most current information on the Province and Territory websites. You can also find detailed information about the selection processes and stipulations to get a Provincial Nominee Certificate, on their websites.
- After a Canadian Province or territory approves your application and nominates you, your next step is to apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence within the time span given to you. The nominating province or territory will inform you whether you have to apply through the regular application process or through the Express Entry system.
- Nomination under an Express Entry PNP stream: If you are not already placed in the Express Entry pool, you have to complete an Express Entry profile to be used by CIC. If you are found to be eligible, you will be put into the Express Entry pool with other candidates. Once you are in the pool, you will be assessed and then ranked using several factors which constitute a points-based system known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). Additional points will be granted to candidates who have a nomination by Canadian Provinces or Territories under their PNPs. You will consequently receive a points score based on the information you provided in your profile.
- Nomination under a Regular PNP stream (non-Express Entry PNP stream): If you were nominated under a Regular PNP stream, you have to apply for permanent residence using the regular application process by getting the CIC Application package.
Subsequently, a CIC officer will evaluate your application based on Canadian immigration rules. As a part of the application process, you must pass an immigration medical exam. You are also required to provide a police certificate from each country or territory that you have lived in for six months or more since the age of 18.
These are the Canadian Provinces and Territories that have an agreement with the Government of Canada and are offering the PNP:
The Program names and abbreviations for each of the PNPS are also listed below.
- Alberta (Province)- Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
- British Columbia (Province) – BC Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
- Manitoba (Province) – Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
- New Brunswick (Province)- New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
- Newfoundland and Labrador (Province)- Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
- Northwest Territories (Territory) – Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
- Nova Scotia (Province) – Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
- Ontario (Province) – Opportunities Ontario: Provincial Nominee Program (OPNP)
- Prince Edward Island (Province) – Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
- Saskatchewan (Province) – Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
- Yukon (Territory) – Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
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You can find detailed and the most current information regarding nominations and specific requirements on the respective Province and Territory websites. To learn more about the Express Entry system 2015 and for information with respect to the Express Entry eligibility criteria, visit the relevant links. For more information on any of the sections of the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), visit the relevant links.