Bill C-6 Has Passed, Giving Immigrants a Smoother Pathway to Canadian Citizenship
Bill C-6, an act amending Canada’s Citizenship Act, has finally received Royal Assent and is now law, benefiting many thousands of immigrants to Canada and their families. Under the new legislation, permanent residents of Canada may apply for citizenship sooner than previously.
However, it should be noted that some of the measures contained in the legislation will not come into force until later this year or early 2018, while some measures came into force immediately.
Changes that take effect immediately (June 19, 2017)
Outlined below are the changes that came into effect on June 19.
Past act: Citizenship could be disavowed from double natives indicated treachery, spying and fear mongering offenses, contingent upon the sentence got, or who were a piece of an equipped compel of a nation or sorted out gathering occupied with struggle with Canada.
New act: This arrangement is canceled. Double subjects living in Canada who are sentenced these violations will confront the Canadian equity framework, as other Canadian natives who infringe upon the law.
Past act: Applicants were required to mean to keep on living in Canada if allowed citizenship.
New act: This arrangement is revoked. Candidates are at no time in the future required to plan to keep on living in Canada once allowed citizenship. This gives greater adaptability to Canadians who may need to live outside of Canada for work or individual reasons.
Past act: The Minister had the carefulness to postpone certain prerequisites under subsection 5(1) of the Citizenship Act so a minor could acquire citizenship without a Canadian parent.
New act: Minors can now apply for citizenship without a Canadian parent, as the age necessity for citizenship has been expelled under subsection 5(1). A man having the authority of the minor or enabled to follow up for their benefit by court arrange, composed understanding or operation of law, can now apply for citizenship in the interest of the minor unless that prerequisite is postponed by the Minister.
Past act: No arrangement existed to anticipate people serving a sentence in the group (a contingent sentence arrange) from being allowed citizenship, taking the Oath of Citizenship or tallying this time towards meeting the physical nearness necessities for citizenship.
New Act: Individuals serving a contingent sentence won’t be conceded citizenship, the guarantee of Citizenship, or have the capacity to check this time towards meeting the physical nearness necessities for citizenship.
Past act: The Minister has the tact to give citizenship to a man to lighten instances of uncommon and irregular hardship, or to compensate administrations of an extraordinary incentive to Canada.
New act: Statelessness has been included as a remain solitary ground that can be considered for an optional concede of citizenship.
Past act: The Department has sensible measures to oblige the requirements of citizenship candidates. Notwithstanding, there was no express reference to suit people with incapacities in the Citizenship Act.
New act: The necessity to think about sensible measures to suit the requirements of a citizenship candidate who is a crippled individual is currently incorporated into the Citizenship Act.
Past act: The prerequisite for candidates to keep up the necessities for citizenship from the time they apply for citizenship until taking the Oath of Citizenship just connected to applications got on or after June 11, 2015.
New act: This prerequisite now likewise applies to all applications, including those gotten before June 11, 2015.
Changes anticipated that would produce results in fall/pre-winter 2017
Sketched out underneath are measures contained in the new demonstration that the administration hopes to produce results in fall/harvest time 2017.
Past act: Applicants must be physically present in Canada for four out of six years before applying for citizenship.
New act: Applicants must be physically present in Canada for three out of five years before applying for citizenship.
Past act: Applicants needed to document Canadian pay charges, if required to do as such under the Income Tax Act, for four out of six years, coordinating the physical nearness prerequisite.
New act: Applicants must document Canadian salary charges, if required to do as such under the Income Tax Act, for three out of five years, coordinating the new physical nearness necessity.
Past act: Applicants must be physically present in Canada for 183 days in four out of the six years going before their application.
New act: This arrangement is canceled. Candidates never again need to meet this necessity.
Past act: Time spent in Canada before turning into a changeless inhabitant did not tally towards the physical nearness necessity for citizenship.
New act: Applicants may tally every day they were physically present in Canada as a brief occupant or secured individual before turning into a lasting inhabitant as a half-day toward meeting the physical nearness necessity for citizenship, up to the greatest credit for 365 days.
Past act: Applicants in the vicinity of 14 and 64 years needed to meet the dialect and information prerequisites for citizenship.
New act: Applicants in the vicinity of 18 and 54 years must meet the dialect and information prerequisites for citizenship.
Changes anticipated that would produce results in mid-2018
Illustrated beneath are measures contained in the new demonstration that the administration hopes to produce results in mid-2018.
Past act: The Minister was the leader for most instances of citizenship repudiation on the grounds of false portrayal, extortion, or intentionally hiding material conditions. The Federal Court was the leader for citizenship disavowal cases including false portrayal, misrepresentation, or intentionally covering material conditions identified with security, human or worldwide right infringement, and sorted out guiltiness.
New Act: The Federal Court is the chief in all denial cases unless the individual demands that the Minister settle on the choice.
Past act: There was no evident expert for Citizenship Officers to seize fake or suspected false records given under the Citizenship Act.
New act: Clear specialist for Citizenship Officers to seize deceitful or suspected fake records is given under the Citizenship Act.
An endless supply of the new citizenship enactment, Canada’s Minister of Immigration tweeted that ‘Two-layered citizenship has no place in Canada. Bill C-6 has passed, guaranteeing that a Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian.’
The last bit of this tweet had already filled in as a mantra for Prime Minister Justin Trudeau amid the 2015 government race crusade, amid which he broadly issued the ‘Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian’ answer to then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper amid a live TV face off regarding. Harper’s Conservative government had presented Bill C-24, Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, in 2014; this enactment was broadly seen as having made the two-layered citizenship alluded to by the present Minister of Immigration in his tweet.
“Canada’s personality has dependably been molded by the noteworthy financial, social and social commitments of outsiders. Changes to the Citizenship Act will improve program honesty while giving greater adaptability to qualified candidates to meet the necessities for citizenship with the goal that they can keep building fruitful lives in Canada,” included Mr. Hussen.