Temporary foreign workers gaining permanent residence in Canada on the rise

Temporary foreign workers gaining permanent residence in Canada on the rise

Temporary foreign workers gaining permanent residence in Canada on the rise

Temporary foreign workers gaining permanent residence in Canada on the rise

Expanded pathways to Canadian permanent residence helping numbers grow, says new study

A growing number of immigrants who come to Canada as temporary foreign workers are staying longer and obtaining permanent residence, a new report by Statistics Canada shows.

Entitled “Just how temporary are temporary foreign workers?”, the report looks at data for four cohorts of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) aged 18 to 64 who received a work permit between 1990 and 2009. Together, the cohorts represented more than 1.3 million work permit holders.

While the study’s findings suggest that the majority of TFWs left within two years of obtaining their first work permit, it also notes that “the tendency to stay longer has increased among more recent arrivals.”

However, the study also concludes that the duration of stays remains strictly regulated, despite what it says is “a common misconception that host countries often do not have sufficient control over how long TFWs reside in the country.”

“The duration and type of stay of TFWs in Canada are strongly restricted by the regulations governing their work permit terms,” it reads.

In order to work in Canada as a TFW, a job offer is required. However, obtaining permanent residence is possible without a job offer, principally through Canada’s Express Entry system.

Policies helping TFWs transition to PR

The report studied TFWs who came to Canada through programs now grouped under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP).

Examples of programs under the TFWP include the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program, the Live-in Caregiver Program and the Low-Skill Pilot. Other TFWP participants are high-skilled professionals hired on short-term contracts.

The IMP is also composed of several different programs that mostly cover high-skilled professionals, including professionals working in Canada under international agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), on intra-company transfers and as research-and-studies-related work permit holders such as foreign medical interns.

The study considered four variables to see what, if any, impact they had on length of stay among TFWs in these two groups. These variables were individual demographic characteristics (age, sex), source-country economic and social conditions, host-country institutional factors, such as government regulations, and local and regional socio-economic conditions.

Host-country policies and regulations were found to be critical to the length and type of stay of TFWs, with the study noting that the lengthening stays among new arrivals beginning in the late 1990s was “consistent with Canada’s increased reliance on TFWs and the expanded pathways to permanent residence.”

Pathways to permanent residence

Yet not all TFW programs are alike when it comes to pathways to permanent residence. The study notes that such pathways tend to be more numerous for high-skilled temporary workers.

The study says this reflects the fact “Canada’s immigration selection system rewards candidates for human capital assets such as education, Canadian work experience and official language abilities.” To this end, certain work experience gained as a TFW in Canada can be counted toward a candidate’s eligibility under the Canadian Experience Class as well as towards their federal Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System score. Such work experience is also favoured by a number of Provincial Nominee Programs, which allow Canada’s provinces and territories to nominate a set quota of immigrants each year.

Among TFWP streams, Live-in Caregiver Program participants have been able to apply for permanent residence after two years of full-time work in Canada, but the same option is not available for seasonal agricultural workers, who must leave the country after eight months.  While the majority of LCP participants became permanent residents by their fifth year in Canada, only two percent of SAWP participants had done so by their tenth year in Canada.

The study notes that the primary pathways to permanent residence for low-skilled workers are through provincial or territorial nomination programs, or PNPs, that respond to local labour needs.

Country of origin

Country of origin also plays a key role in determining how long TFWs stay in Canada, with those originating from countries with “lower levels of economic development and social stability” staying longer in Canada as temporary residents or becoming permanent residents than those from more prosperous, stable countries.

The study found that by the fifth year after their first work permit, 42.8 percent of TFWs from countries with low Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita acquired permanent residence. By contrast, only 7.4 percent of TFWs from countries with a high GDP per capita transitioned to permanent residence in Canada. Social stability also played a role in the length of stay, with 37.9 percent of TFWs from countries with low social stability gaining permanent resident status by their fifth year in Canada.

However, the study concluded that many source country differences were explained by the fact citizens of less developed and less stable countries were the main recipients of TFWs in the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP), Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SIWP), and the Low-Skill Pilot (LSP).

“TFWs in all these programs had a high tendency to stay longer or come back after leaving for a few months,” the study says.

Individual characteristics, regional socio-economic conditions were found to have a “relatively weak” association with length of stay. That said, TFWs who arrived “at the prime working age (25 to 44)” had a higher tendency to stay as temporary or permanent residents than those on the younger or older end of the age spectrum.

The study found the share of TFWs who transitioned to permanent residence was highest between the second and fifth year after obtaining their first work permit.

“After the fifth year, the share of TFWs who became permanent residents surpassed the share of TFWs who remained temporary residents, in most cases,” the study observes. “By the 10th year, the remaining TFWs overwhelmingly comprised permanent residents.”

Posted in Business / Investor Visa, Canada, Canada PNP, Dependent Visa, Immigration, Study Abroad, Tourist Visa, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Peter Dutton calls for migration cut: ‘We have to reduce the numbers’

Peter Dutton calls for migration cut: ‘We have to reduce the numbers’

Peter Dutton calls for migration cut: ‘We have to reduce the numbers’

Peter Dutton calls for migration cut: ‘We have to reduce the numbers’

Home affairs minister says some Australia cities ‘overcrowded’ and migrants who are ‘going to be a burden’ should be rejected

Peter Dutton has said Australia must reduce its intake of migrants “where we believe it’s in our national interest”.

The home affairs minister told 2GB Radio on Thursday the Coalition had already “considerably” reduced the number of people entering Australia – by 100,000 on the levels when Labor was in government – and was not tied to the current level of migration.

Dutton was responding to Jim Molan’s first Senate speech on Wednesday in which the new Liberal senator said he has concerned legal migration was “in excess of the capacities of our cities to absorb”.

Since 2017 the former Prime Minister Tony Abbott has suggested a reduction as part of a “conservative manifesto” to win back Coalition voters, including those who intend to vote for One Nation, whose leader Pauline Hanson advocates stopping migration.

Dutton said it was a “perfectly legitimate argument” that Australia’s cities were “overcrowded” including “gridlocked traffic in the mornings” and use of services like hospitals.

“We have to try and encourage people out into regions, we have to reduce the numbers where we believe it’s in our national interest,” he said. “It’s come back considerably and if we have to bring it back further, if that’s what required and that’s what’s in our country’s best interests … that is what we will do.”

Dutton said some state governments had handled capital city infrastructure better than others so levels of overcrowding were “a different story as you go around the country”.

The home affairs minister said the migration program should always “be operated in a way that it acts in our best interests” such as refusing to allow migrants who were “going to be a burden” in favour of people who “make a good contribution”.

“But we do have problems where people are concentrating in and around Sydney, in and around other capital cities, including Melbourne. We need to try and disperse people out.”

Dutton said some regions and sectors like abattoirs in regional areas needed a foreign or temporary workforce because “the local kids won’t do the work”.

On Thursday, Molan, a former general and one of the architects of the Coalition’s Operation Sovereign Borders policy, said control of the borders and immigration “are important to me as they are to most Australians”.

“We now effectively control our borders in a way that few now trust the opposition to do,” he said. “However, I am concerned that the level of legal migration … is in excess of the capacities of our cities to absorb, both culturally or in terms of infrastructure.

“We are approaching limits on this, if indeed we have already exceeded them. I don’t have the answers, but I certainly have the concerns.”

Molan did not express contrition for sharing videos from anti-Muslim group Britain First, but rather thanked the prime minister, Malcolm Turnbull, for backing him over the controversy.

Molan has previously suggested he shared the videos to spark conversation about law and order rather than to suggest Muslims are responsible for violence.

At a press conference on Thursday the jobs minister, Michaelia Cash, praised Molan as an “outstanding individual” who had helped the Coalition stop people smuggling boats.

Asked about his comments on migration, Cash distanced herself by noting that Liberals are “able to express an opinion”.

“It doesn’t actually mean the government is going to agree with your opinion,” she said.

Posted in Australia, Immigration, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ways to fast track your Canadian study permits application

5 ways to fast track your Canadian study permits application

Ways to fast track your Canadian study permits application

Ways to fast track your Canadian study permits application

Moving to a new country to study can be exciting — and stressful!  While you may have made most of your planning ahead of time, not all situations are predictable.

Every year Canada welcomes thousands of international students pursuing their post-secondary studies in a Canadian university, college, language school or any other learning institution that accepts students from around the world.

The process of applying for a Canadian study permit, also known as a student visa, can be made smoother and quicker if you take into consideration the following:

  1. Submit your application online or via a Visa Application Centre (VAC)

Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) recommends that you consult a local VAC when preparing your application for a study permit. VACs can help ensure your application is complete and meets all of IRCC’s requirements.

Here are ways VACs can be beneficial to you:

  • Address your concerns and questions in your local language.
  • Offer a tracking service for your application.
  • Help transfer your documents and personal information securely.
  • Collect biometrics if required.
  • For a list of available VACs by country, consult this list.
  1. Submit your application early

IRCC advises that you send your application for a study permit as early as possible, and at least four to six months before the start of your classes.

A useful tool you can use to find out the average processing time for a study permit based on where you are applying from is the Canada Immigration processing tool.

  1. Get your medical exam and your police clearance as soon as you can

Canada requires some prospective students from overseas to undergo a medical examination. This requirement depends on the length of stay and your current country of residence.

For example, if you plan on staying in Canada for longer than six months you will be required to present medical exam results. If you resided or stayed in any of the following countries for six or more months prior to coming to Canada, you will need a medical exam.

It is important to note that it is not mandatory to have your exam results when submitting your study permit application. However, you can avoid delays by getting your medical examination done and submitting the results along with your application.

IRCC may expect a police certificate from potential international students. If you know you will need a police certificate, it is best to obtain one as early possible.

  1. Ensure that you have submitted all the necessary documents and that all pages have been completed accurately and legibly

Your application will be returned if the information provided is unclear, which can result in further delays. It is highly recommended to use the document checklist provided by IRCC along with the study permit application kit.

Get certified translations in either official languages, English or French, of all the documents provided with the application, such as transcripts, police certificates, and any other official documents.

  1. Pay all the required fees on time

IRCC warns that if you do not pay the required fees by the required time, it may result in application processing delays or may impact the approval of your study permit application.

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