Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

A total of 254 skilled workers were invited to Dec.13 through the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream and Skilled Worker Overseas Stream under the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP).

The province invited 209 candidates in the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream to apply, with the lowest ranked candidate invited at a score of 375. Another 45 skilled workers were invited through the Skilled Worker Overseas Stream, more specifically under the Strategic Recruitment Initiative.

The MPNP conducts draws based on an Expression of Interest (EOI) system. This means potential candidates submit an EOI to the province and their profiles are assigned a score based on the answers provided. The highest scoring candidates from the EOI pool receive a Letter of Advice to Apply (LAA), and are in a position to submit an application for a nomination by the province of Manitoba.

Interested in finding out if you are eligible for the MPNP, or another Canadian immigration program? Fill out our free online assessment.

Both skilled workers in Manitoba and overseas candidates who received an LAA in this latest draw, and whose application for a provincial nomination is approved, may then apply to the federal government for Canadian permanent resident status.

The Government of Manitoba announced a number of changes to the MPNP on November 15, some of which came into effect immediately. Other changes are being rolled out in 2018.

One of the changes that came into effect on November 15 was the introduction of an in-demand occupations list, which will allow the MPNP to select skilled workers that are expected to meet the province’s current labour market needs.

December 13 MPNP EOI draws for skilled workers

Sub-category Minimum score required to receive LAA Number of invitations
Skilled Workers in Manitoba 375 209
Skilled Workers Overseas 675 45

MPNP for Skilled Workers

The MPNP for Skilled Workers was established to help employers in Manitoba find foreign talent to complement their existing workforce. The government of Manitoba selects experienced workers who have made an Expression of Interest in immigrating to the province and who have the skills needed across the local labour market, and nominate them to receive a provincial nomination certificate from the MPNP. With this, the nominated person may then apply to the federal government for permanent resident status.

These immigration options may be particularly attractive to individuals who may not be eligible to immigrate to Canada through the federal Express Entry immigration selection system, as the eligibility requirements are different. For example, the MPNP awards points for language proficiency equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 to candidates in certain occupations, a much lower threshold than what is required under the Federal Skilled Worker Class.

MPNP Skilled Workers in Manitoba

Under this sub-category of the MPNP, applications are accepted from qualified foreign workers and international student graduates who are currently working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent job by their employer in Manitoba. Skilled Workers in Manitoba are not subject to a points-based assessment to determine their eligibility (though points are assigned to the candidate once he or she enters the pool of candidates)

MPNP Skilled Workers Overseas

This MPNP sub-category is for qualified skilled workers who may be outside Canada but who can demonstrate a strong connection to the province and its labour market. A points-based system is used to assess candidates according to factors such as age, language proficiency, work experience, education and adaptability.

Manitoba Profile

Population: 1.3 million

Capital and largest city: Winnipeg

Location: Manitoba is located in Central Canada and is considered one of the three “Prairie” provinces. Ontario lies to the east, with Saskatchewan sharing the western border. The US states of Minnesota and North Dakota are to the south, and the sparsely-populated north of the province has a long coastline on Hudson Bay leading to a border with the territory of Nunavut.

Economy: Manitoba’s principle industries are mining, manufacturing, and agriculture. Traditionally farming has been a major occupation for Manitobans, and the rich farmlands in southern Manitoba produce wheat, barley, oats, sunflower, flax and canola crops, as well as dairy and livestock farms. From this agricultural base a considerable food processing industry has emerged. In addition, Manitoba is home to considerable manufacturing, aerospace and transportation industries. Winnipeg has a sizable financial and insurance industry, as well as government administration and services.

Climate: Manitoba is far from the moderating influences of mountain ranges or large bodies of water. Moreover, given its size, it experiences great variations in temperature. In Southern Manitoba, where the vast majority of the population resides, cold, snowy winters are the norm. Summers are typically hot and dry, with short transitional seasons ensuring that residents get a full four-season experience.

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Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia, but they have chain migration too

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Attorney General Jeff Sessions called Tuesday for the end of chain migration in the U.S. and a merit-based system that more closely resembles that of Canada and Australia.

But although those countries admit a much smaller share of their immigrants under chain migration – more commonly known as family-based migration – they have not eliminated the program altogether. And while some critics of family migration want to end the program in the U.S. altogether and admit immigrants’ immediate family members only under existing employment-based categories, others say getting rid of the program altogether would have detrimental effects not only on immigrants, but on the country.

Family-sponsored immigration came under renewed scrutiny following the attempted terrorist attack in New York City on Monday. The suspect came to the U.S. from Bangladesh in 2011 on a visa for children of siblings of U.S. citizens, according to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). President Donald Trump called for Congress to end chain migration after the attack, and Sessions echoed those calls in a speech Tuesday morning.

“The President has also proposed ending chain migration and switching to a merit-based system like they have in Canada and Australia,” Sessions said. “That means welcoming the best and the brightest and turning away not only terrorists, but gang members and criminals.”

About two-thirds of U.S. immigrants are admitted through family-sponsored immigration every year: 679,000 out of 1.05 million in 2015, according to DHS. In Canada, about 28 percent of immigrants admitted in 2017 were coming to join family, and in Australia it was 31 percent in 2016-17. (In the U.S. and in Canada, family-sponsored migration is actually higher than those figures because immigrants admitted under merit-based policies also bring their spouses and dependent children, who in those cases don’t count as being family-sponsored.)

Most immigrants admitted to the U.S. as family members are spouses or minor children, according to DHS’s 2015 figures, which are the most recent available.

Admissions based mainly on employment skills accounted for 58 percent of immigrants in Canada in 2017, 67 percent in Australia in 2016-17 and about 14 percent in the U.S. in 2015 — although Canada’s and Australia’s systems are point-based and quite different from what’s used in the United States. In both countries, an applicant needs a minimum number of points, which are awarded based on factors such as work experience, educational background, language proficiency and age.

However, family-based migration in those countries is not point-based and works much as it does in the United States, according to Doris Meissner, director of U.S. immigration policy program at the Migration Policy Institute.

Ira Mehlman, spokesman for Federation for American Immigration Reform, an organization seeking to reduce legal immigration to the U.S., said he doesn’t think it’s enough to place more limits on family-sponsored migration to the U.S. It needs to be eliminated.

“No one is advocating that those who get in under a merit-based system shouldn’t be able to bring their immediate family,” Mehlman said. “But there’s no identifiable public interest served by chain migration, and it affects people already in this country – in our tax system, our classrooms and our economic opportunities. You may get some people who benefit the country in that pool, but that’s by luck. It should be by design.”

Critics such as Mehlman use the term chain migration due to what they characterize as a chain reaction – if the brother of a citizen gets in under that category, he can bring his wife, who can bring her sister, and so on.

“In any other area of the law, we would call it nepotism and outlaw it,” Mehlman added.

Meissner, who was commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service for nearly a decade, said she would support a U.S. system with a more even balance between family-based and economic-based immigration. But the family-based system in the U.S. has been beneficial not just for the immigrants themselves, but for the U.S. generally, and it costs less than integration services provided in Canada or Australia, she argued.

Family migration “gives a landing platform for successful immigration,” Meissner said, and among other things provides a natural social safety net for those arriving. “There’s entrepreneurial spirit that works closely within immigrant families — think of all the family-owned stores, especially in New York City, where families are all part of the payroll and are sharing the wages and burden.”

Systems for integrating immigrants into countries such as Canada and Australia make immigration more expensive than in the U.S., according to Meissner. Allowing families to migrate together or to join established family members gives them an easier path to assimilation at little to no taxpayer cost.

The U.S. immigration system does need to be revamped, Meissner said, but mostly to eliminate long waiting times and big backlogs. A plausible way to cut down on that would be to narrow the definition of family, but Meissner said another concern is that many cultures consider aunts, uncles and cousins to be close family.

“If we want a more timely process, we need to narrow the definition. We want immigrants when they’re younger, during their productive, prime earning years so they can contribute to our tax system and society,” Meissner said. “Many immigrants who don’t get in for a decade or longer give up. But if they don’t, and they come here at 45 or 55 years old, we’ve missed out on an opportunity.”

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Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

A further 61,600 jobs were added in November, but an increase in the number of people looking for work kept the unemployment rate steady at 5.4 percent.

The economy added far more jobs than expected in November, underlining the strength of the labour market that has grown by 383,000 positions in the past twelve months.

The total number of jobs rose by 61,600 in November, data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics showed, the biggest increase in more than two years and far higher than the 19,000 improvement the market had expected.

However, a rise in the participation rate, which indicates the number of people either employed or actively looking for work, with 65.5 percent kept the unemployment rate steady at 5.4 percent.

Full-time employment again accounted for the bulk of the job growth, rising by 41,900 positions.

The number of part-time jobs rose 19,700.

The Australian dollar was boosted by the news, hitting a one month high of 76.75 US cents, from its level of 76.29 US cents ahead of the release of the data.

JP Morgan economist Tom Kennedy estimates that annual employment growth is now tracking at 3.2 percent.

“This is one of the strongest outcomes in the past decade, and is even more impressive given the persistence of below-trend real GDP growth,” he said.

“The mix of jobs growth has also firmed, with full-time picking up strongly at the expense of part-time employment.”

November job growth was concentrated in Victoria and NSW, but every state and territory recorded gains, indicating a broad-based tightening of the labour market.

Economists said more detailed data to be released next week is likely to show strength in a number of key industries such as construction, professional services and health.

An acceleration in job creation over the past year has followed a revival in business sentiment.

However, wages growth remains weak, weighing on consumer spending and leaving the Reserve Bank hoping that the solid run in employment growth will eventually drive a lift in wages and inflation.

“Jobs are being created, boosting spending power in the economy. But wage growth remains modest and elusive,” CommSec senior economist Ryan Felsman said.

“The wages growth puzzle still needs to be resolved before the Reserve Bank will move interest rates.”

Most economists don’t expect the central bank to lift rates before the second half of 2018.

The quarterly, seasonally adjusted, underemployment rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points to 8.3 percent, while the rate of under-utilisation, which combines unemployed and underemployed populations, fell by 0.3 percentage points to 13.7 percent.

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Trump calls for reformed US immigration

Trump calls for reformed US immigration after ‘attempted terror attack’ in New York

Trump calls for reformed US immigration after 'attempted terror attack' in New York

Trump calls for reformed US immigration after ‘attempted terror attack’ in New York

The suspect in the incident at the Port Authority Bus Terminal, a block from Times Square, was identified as Akayed Ullah, the New York Police Department commissioner said.

The suspect had burns and lacerations while three other people, including a police officer, sustained minor injuries.

Ullah is from the Bangladeshi city of Chittagong and is a US resident, said the country’s police chief. He had no criminal record there and last visited Bangladesh on Sept. 8, the chief said.

Akayed Ullah told police investigators he wanted to avenge US airstrikes on the Islamic State group and was also inspired by Christmas terror plots in Europe, and chose the location for his attack by the Christmas posters on the subway walls, US media reported.

Ullah had a black cab/limousine driver’s license from 2012 to 2015, after which it expired, the New York Taxi and Limousine Commission said.

President Donald Trump used the attack to call for tougher US immigration rules, saying the current “lax” policy “allows far too many dangerous, inadequately vetted people to access our country.”

“Today’s attempted mass murder attack in New York City – the second terror attack in New York in the last two months – once again highlights the urgent need for Congress to enact legislative reforms to protect the American people,” Trump said in a statement.

The weapon was based on a pipe bomb and attached to the suspect, police said. New York state Governor Andrew Cuomo, speaking at a news conference near the site, described the device as “amateur-level.”

Authorities attributed the minimal damage from the simple device attached to Ullah’s chest to a malfunction.

The explosion left him with several burns to his torso and hands, and he was sent to a hospital in “serious” condition.

Cuomo told CNN the explosive in the pipe ignited, but the pipe itself did not explode. “So he wound up hurting himself; several others in the vicinity.” He said the attacker apparently used the internet to obtain information on how to make a bomb.

De Blasio told the same news conference that the incident, which happened at the start of the city’s rush hour, was “an attempted terrorist attack.”

“As New Yorkers our lives revolve around the subways. When we hear of an attack in the subways, it is incredibly unsettling,” de Blasio said.

New York City was a target, said John Miller, deputy police commissioner of intelligence and counterterrorism.

Miller cited the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, that killed more than 2,750 people in New York and nearly 3,000 people total; and the World Trade Center bombing of February 26, 1993, which killed six people.

Fox News reported that the attacker made the device at his job at an electrical company and there were no known co-conspirators.

A pro-Islamic State media group, Maqdisi Media, portrayed the attempted terror attack as a response to US President Donald Trump’s recognition on Wednesday of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, according to the SITE Intelligence Group. SITE tracks and analyzes online activity by extremist groups.

The incident occurred less than two months after an Uzbek immigrant killed eight people by speeding a rental truck down a New York City bike path, in an attack for which Islamic State claimed responsibility.

The incident was captured on security video, police said. Video posted on NYPost.com showed smoke and a man lying in the tunnel that connects sections of the Times Square subway station and the bus station. A photograph showed a man lying facedown, with tattered clothes and burns on his torso.

”There was a stampede up the stairs to get out,“ said one commuter, Diego Fernandez. ”Everybody was scared and running and shouting.”

Alicja Wlodkowski, a Pennsylvania resident in New York for the day, was sitting in a restaurant in the bus terminal.

“Suddenly, I saw a group of people, like six people, running like nuts. A woman fell. No one even went to stop and help her because the panic was so scary.”

The bus terminal was temporarily shut down and a large swath of midtown Manhattan was closed to traffic. Subway train service returned to normal after earlier disruptions.

WABC reported the suspect was in his 20s and that he has been in the United States for seven years and has an address in New York’s Brooklyn borough. Police shut down the entire block and there was a heavy police presence outside the home.

First reports of the incident began soon after 7 a.m. (1200 GMT). New York in December sees a surge of visitors who come to see elaborate store displays, the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree and Broadway shows.

The bus terminal is the busiest in the United States, according to the Port Authority. On a typical weekday, about 220,000 passengers arrive or depart on more than 7,000 buses.

At the White House, spokeswoman Sarah Sanders told reporters, “This attack underscores the need for Congress to work with the president on immigration reforms that enhance our national security and public safety.”

“ … We must ensure that individuals entering our country are not coming to do harm to our people,” she said during a regular news briefing. “And we must move to a merit-based system of immigration.”

More than 200,000 people use the Times Square station, the city’s busiest, each weekday, according to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.

The bus terminal is connected to different sections of the sprawling Times Square subway station – which serves 10 train lines – through a long, narrow below-ground tunnel that carries thousands of commuters during rush hour. Buskers and other entertainers at entrances to the tunnel often draw crowds.

The incident rippled through American financial markets, briefly weakening stock markets as they were starting trading for the week and giving a modest lift to safe-haven assets such as US Treasuries.

S&P 500 index emini futures dipped in the moments after the initial reports of an explosion, but major stock indexes later opened slightly higher.

On the West Coast, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation authority asked law enforcement for heightened security along bus and rail lines as a precaution.

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A brief history of immigration to Australia

A brief history of immigration to Australia

A brief history of immigration to Australia

A brief history of immigration to Australia

From the gold rush in the 1800s to today’s opportunities for skilled migrants: is Australia really the most successful multicultural society in the world?

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull likes to say that Australia is the most successful multicultural society in the world. And while that might gloss over the country’s history of racial exclusion (and the three senators from anti-immigration party One Nation in federal parliament), contemporary Australia can make a good claim on the title.

That’s because Australia has a higher proportion of people born overseas (26 percent) than other high-immigration nations, including New Zealand (23 percent), Canada (22 percent), the United States (14 percent), and the United Kingdom (13 percent). In fact, the only country that has a higher overseas-born population is Saudi Arabia (32 percent) which permits foreigners to work but does not offer permanent residency or citizenship.

Since 1945, when Australia’s immigration department was established, seven million permanent migrants have settled in Australia.

Today’s Australia

The 2016 census revealed a diverse nation. Nearly half of all Australians were born overseas or have at least one parent who was. More than one in five Australians speak a language other than English at home. The most common countries of birth after Australia were England (five percent of the population) and New Zealand (2.5 percent), followed by China (2.3 percent) and India (2.1 percent). Since the mid-2000s, Chinese and Indian arrivals have outpaced arrivals from the UK and migration has replaced births as the driver of population growth.

Ancient origins

DNA evidence suggests the first people migrate to the Australian continent most likely came from South-East Asia between 40,000 and 60,000 years ago, according to the Immigration Department’s official history. Estimates of the size of the Aboriginal population before European settlement range between 300,000 and 1.5 million: some 600 tribes speaking more than 200 distinct languages.

Today Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people account for 2.8 percent of the country’s 24 million people.

The 1800s: First modern migrants

Most of the first modern migrants Australia were involuntary arrivals: British convicts sent to the penal colony of New South Wales. Until the mid-1800s, the population was dominated by British and Irish people. But the discovery of gold near Orange, NSW, in 1851 triggered a gold rush that changed the face of Australia.

Between 1851 and 1860, more than 600,000 migrants arrived: most were from the UK but 10 percent came from elsewhere in Europe and 7 percent from China.

Xenophobic hostility toward the newcomers focussed on the Chinese, whose different work practices were regarded as a threat to wages and employment, according to the Department of Immigration’s history. The tension resulted in anti-Chinese riots which resulted in several deaths, leading to the colonies’ first restrictions on immigration, targeting Chinese people.

The potato famine in Ireland in the late 1840s saw some 30,000 Irish migrants settle in Australia, and the push to develop Australia’s outback led to a government decision to bring in 2000 cameleers mainly from India and Afghanistan.

Some 50,000 people, mostly men from Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands, were brought to Australia in the late 1800s to work as indentured labourers in the primary industries in Queensland. Mostly brought against their will, many stayed on and built a community.

The 1900s: Federation and the White Australia Policy

At federation in 1901, three million people in the six colonies became the nation of Australia, and the new country’s parliament – made up of white men – defined it as a white man’s nation.

The Immigration Restriction Act 1901 became known as the “White Australia Policy”, aimed at discouraging non-white migrants. It included a notorious dictation test of 50 words in a European language – immigration officials could choose any language they pleased – which applicants had to pass to emigrate to Australia. Japanese pearl divers and Malay and Filipino boat crew were exempt from the test. But there were thousands of Australians of Chinese, Syrian and Indian background who were forced to apply for documents to exempt them from the test if they travelled.

The World Wars

Immigration virtually ceased during the First World War. But during the 1920s more than 340,000 immigrants arrived – two-thirds of them assisted migrants from Britain, and small numbers of Greeks, Italians and Yugoslavs.

The Great Depression, which began in 1929, saw unemployment rates skyrocket and attitudes towards immigrants turn hostile. Immigration declined sharply through the 1930s.

Ahead of the Second World War, as the political climate for Jews in Germany and Austria darkened, Australia agreed to accept 15,000 Jewish refugees from Europe – evidently with some reluctance. Just 5,000 arrived in 1939 before Jews in Europe could no longer escape.

After the war, Australia appeared to take a more generous approach, agreeing to take refugees under the international Displaced Persons Scheme and admitting more than 170,000 Europeans by 1954. Over 17,000 of them were Jews.

The post-war migrant boom

In 1948, parliament legislated to create Australian citizenship – before that, all Australians were British subjects. But Australia still actively sought British migrants in preference to other nationalities, with ventures like the assisted passage scheme known as the “Ten Pound Pom” (the price of the ticket) kicking off in the late 1940s and running almost 25 years.

But the post-war environment saw a significant shift in Australia’s attitude to migrants and set it on the path to multiculturalism. A national poll taken in 1943 found 40 percent of Australians supported “unlimited immigration”, driven in part by a critical labour shortage. The country’s first-ever immigration minister Arthur Calwell promoted the idea that Australia needed to “populate or perish”.

Australia began accepting migrants from more than 30 European countries, including the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium, Spain and West Germany. But the largest national groups of arrivals after the Brits were the Italians and Greeks until the early 1970s.

A new family reunion policy saw some 30,000 arrivals from Eastern European nations join relatives in Australia.

More than 100,000 migrants from 30 different countries worked on the Snowy Hydro project, a hydroelectricity scheme in south-east Australia that kicked off in 1949 and took 25 years to complete.

The 1950s: The end of the White Australia Policy

The dictation test was abolished in 1958. By 1960, the population was 10 million and around nine percent of the population was of non-British origin, mostly Italians, Germans, Dutch, Greeks and Poles.

Other restrictions on non-European migration were relaxed from 1966 and the number of arrivals started to increase accordingly. Australia began to change rapidly. By 1971, one in three people living in Australia were migrants or the child of a migrant.

In 1973, Labor Prime Minister Gough Whitlam changed the law to allow all migrants regardless of race or ethnicity to apply for Australian citizenship after three years of residence. His immigration minister Al Grassby declared the White Australia Policy dead. “Give me a shovel and I’ll bury it,” he said.

In 1975, racial discrimination was made illegal. Three years later, the publicly-funded Special Broadcasting Service (now known as SBS, publisher of this website) was established to cater to Australians of a non-English speaking background.

1970s-today: Asylum seekers, skilled migrants

Humanitarian intakes saw the settlement of Lebanese and Cypriot people during the early 1970s; followed by a significant wave of Indochinese arrivals displaced by the Vietnamese and Cambodian conflicts. Over 2,000 Indochinese refugees landed in boats on Australian shores in the late 1970s, but the majority of the 80,000 Indochinese permanent migrants came by air after they were formally processed by Australian officials at refugee camps in Malaysia and Thailand.

From the late 1990s, increasing numbers of asylum seekers fleeing conflict in the Middle East and Sri Lanka arrived in Australia by boat, mostly organised by people smugglers. Australia’s government cracked down on what it called “unauthorised” arrivals. Its offshore detention programs, designed to deter asylum seekers, have earned criticism from the United Nations and human rights groups, but the “stop the boats” policy has retained strong bipartisan support.

In parallel with its hardline asylum policies, it’s worth noting that Australia has thrown open its doors to migrants, with some 190,000 permanent new arrivals settling each year for the past five years. Temporary arrivals including international students and those on 457 work visas were around 400,000 in 2015-16. And the humanitarian intake has been about 11-14,000 a year since the mid-1980s. There was a special intake of 12,000 Syrians announced in 2015 under former Prime Minister Tony Abbott in response to the war in Syria.

Since the 1980s, the focus of Australia’s immigration policy has been on selecting migrants who fit much-needed skills criteria, along with family visas. In 2017 the Turnbull government moved to restrict the skilled visa system and tighten requirements for citizenship, including reinstating a tough English-language test. But those changes have been put on ice after it became clear they did not have support in the Senate, leading to a surge in citizenship applications.

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