key developments in Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program in the first half of 2019

A big first half of 2019 for Canada’s Express Entry-linked Provincial Nominee Programs

Provincial Nominee Program

Provincial Nominee Program

CIC News looks at some of the key developments in Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program in the first half of 2019

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program was expected to hit the ground running in 2019 and it did not disappoint.

The Provincial Nominee Program, or PNP, allows participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate foreign workers and international graduates for Canadian permanent residence through a network of streams tailored to their various labor market needs.

The PNP’s performance so far this year comes as no surprise given it entered 2019 with increased nomination allocations for several provinces and a higher overall admissions target for the year compared to 2018.

Express Entry-aligned PNP streams

PNP streams aligned with the federal Express Entry system were extremely active in the first six months of 2019, issuing thousands of invitations to apply for a provincial nomination to immigration candidates with a profile in the federal government’s Express Entry pool.

The Express Entry pool is comprised of candidates for Canada’s three Federal High Skilled immigration programs — the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Each candidate is awarded a score under Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based on factors that include age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French. This score determines their rank in the Express Entry pool.

While a provincial nomination is not required in order to be eligible for Express Entry, candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points toward their CRS score and, as a result, are effectively fast-tracked for an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

These 600 points can be especially critical to Express Entry candidates with core CRS scores that are lower than the cut-off scores in federal invitation rounds.

In order to be considered for a provincial nomination through most Express Entry-aligned PNP streams, the first step is to enter a profile in the Express Entry pool.

Ontario

Ontario’s 2019 allocation of 6,900 nominations is the largest of the nine provinces and two territories that take part in the PNP.

Ontario is Canada’s most populous province and home to both the country’s biggest city, Toronto and Canada’s national capital, Ottawa. The province receives the greatest share of newcomers to Canada each year and was the destination of 64 percent of new permanent residents admitted through the Express Entry system in 2018.

The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)’s three Express Entry-linked streams were by far its most active in the first half of 2019, issuing a total of 3,846 Notifications of Interest (NOIs) to Express Entry candidates.  Only Express Entry candidates with an NOI can apply for a provincial nomination for Canadian permanent residence.

Ontario’s three Express Entry-linked streams are:

  • Human Capital Priorities
  • French-Speaking Skilled Worker
  • Skilled Trades

These streams allow the OINP to search the federal Express Entry pool for candidates who meet their respective eligibility requirements.

A job offer is not among the listed requirements for the three streams and only the Human Capital Priorities Stream requires a minimum CRS score.

Of the 3,846 NOIs issued through these streams in the first half of 2019, 67 percent (2,565) were issued through the Human Capital Priorities Stream in two draws, both of which had a minimum Express Entry CRS score of 439.

This trend has continued into the second half of 2019, which Ontario kicked off by announcing the Human Capital Priorities Stream would hold draws for Express Entry candidates with work experience in one of six eligible tech occupations.

The OINP’s first Tech Draw was subsequently held on July 8 and a total of 1,623 Express Entry candidates with CRS scores as low as 439 were issued NOIs — a new NOI record for the Human Capital Priorities Stream.

The OINP’s Express Entry-linked French-Speaking Skilled Worker and Skilled Trades streams were also active in the first six months of 2019 and issued a combined 1,281 NOIs.

The French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream allows the OINP to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who meet its French and English proficiency requirements, among other selection criteria.

The Skilled Trades Stream allows the OINP to search the Express Entry pool for Federal Skilled Worker Class and Canadian Experience Class candidates currently living in Ontario who have a minimum of one year full-time work experience, or the equivalent in part-time work, in Ontario in a skilled trade listed in Minor Group 633 or Major Group 72, 73, or 82 under Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC), among other criteria.

Alberta

The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)’s Express Entry Stream has been one of Canada’s more talked-about PNP pathways since its creation just over a year ago and the first six months of this year were no exception.

The AINP uses the stream to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who meet its eligibility criteria, which include a minimum CRS score of only 300.

A job offer or previous work in Alberta is not required, but candidates must be working in an occupation that supports “Alberta’s economic development and diversification priorities.” The AINP does not provide a list of eligible occupations.

The AINP also says it may give priority to candidates with:

  • a job offer and/or work experience in Alberta;
  • a degree from a Canadian post-secondary institution and a valid job offer; or
  • a parent, child or sibling already living in Alberta.

The AINP held 16 draws through the stream and issued a total of 3,816 NOIs. The most exciting aspect of these draws was the fact eight of them had a minimum CRS score requirement of 302 or less. Four of these draws had a cut-off score of 300.

By comparison, the lowest cut-off score in the 13 all-program federal Express Entry draw so far in 2019 was 438; nine of these 13 draws had a cut-off score above 450.

Nova Scotia

The province of Nova Scotia on Canada’s East Coast showed why it is one of Canada’s PNPs to watch in the first half of 2019.

The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) is one of Canada’s most innovative nominee programs and uses three streams to select Express Entry candidates.

The NSNP used its Labour Market Priorities Stream on three occasions to search the Express Entry pool and identify candidates with work experience in specific occupations. A job offer is not among the stream’s selection criteria and a minimum CRS score is not always required.

Its June 3 draw invited 312 Express Entry candidates with work experience as early childhood educators and assistants and did not have a CRS requirement. A January 25 draw for financial auditors or accountants had a CRS cut-off of 400.

The NSNP also held a Labour Market Priorities Stream draw in March for Express Entry candidates who listed French as their first language. No cut-off score was specified for this draw.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker: Express Entry sub-category also had a busy first half of 2019.

This sub-category operates on an Expression of Interest (EOI) basis, meaning Express Entry candidates who would like to be considered for a provincial nomination from Saskatchewan must register a separate profile with the province.

Profiles are awarded a score based on Saskatchewan’s unique points grid and the highest-scoring candidates are issued an invitation to apply for a provincial nomination through regular draws from the province’s EOI pool.

In order to be eligible, Express Entry candidates must have work experience in an occupation listed as in-demand in the province, among other criteria. A job offer is not required in order to be eligible.

The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) held eight invitation rounds through its Express Entry sub-category during the first half of 2019 and issued 1,166 invitations to apply for a provincial nomination.

The SINP also revised the in-demand occupations list twice during this period, with the addition of professions such as Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers, among others.

Candidates with work experience in several of the newly added occupations were then targeted by the SINP in subsequent draws.

These targeted draws were conducted through the SINP’s Express Entry sub-category on three occasions between January and July 2019.

Other PNP activity

Express Entry-linked streams in the provinces of Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, and British Columbia were also active in the first six months of this year.

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program issued more than 4,500 invitations to skilled worker candidates over the course of 12 draws, of which at least 300 went to Express Entry candidates.

Prince Edward Island held six draws between January and July and issued a combined 671 invitations to candidates in its Express Entry and Labour Impact categories.

The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program also issued invitations through its Express Entry B.C. Stream on a weekly basis in the first half of 2019.

“Canada’s PNP streams are constantly evolving to meet labour market needs across the country,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal, Canada.

“For Express Entry candidates with lower scores, a provincial nomination can be the difference between obtaining Canadian permanent residence and not.”

Posted in Alberta, British Columbia, Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Visa and Immigration | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Reasons for UK Visitor visas or Tourist visas refusals

Reasons for UK Visitor visa refusals

UK Visa

UK Visa

UK visa application is the most strict and highly scrutinized visa process. The UK Visas and Immigration receives thousands of visa applications every year that do not meet visa requirements.

It’s your responsibility to make sure you are eligible, meet the requirements and provide the necessary documentation.

Once you have a UK visa refusal, it permanently remains in the records of the UK Home Office. Each time you re-apply, your previous UK visa refusal comes up. It becomes an unavoidable hindrance to all of your future UK visa applications. Therefore, you must get approval in the first attempt itself.

This article walks you through the top 11 UK visa refusal reasons. Go through and understand each of them. Analyze your own visa application to figure what’s lacking and what needs to be done. It should help you build a strong case and get approval in your first attempt.

This list should also help if you are reapplying after your UK visa refusal.

Without further due, let’s get started.

NOTE

The visa refusal reasons in this article are actual reasons quoted by the UK visa officers in the visa refusal letters. After going through several visa refusal letters from my readers, I put this article together to help you all analyze your own applications and avoid future rejections.

IMPORTANT

This article is meant for UK visa applicants with “tourism” intent. This article may not be relevant to those applying for UK study/work/spouse/immigration visas.

Top 11 reasons for UK visa refusals

  1. Long itinerary
  • REASON
  • “You have stated that you wish to visit the UK for 1 month”

Be realistic. The UK is small and you only need a few days to explore. A long itinerary looks suspicious. It looks as if you will be living or working in the UK rather than site seeing.

The UK is also expensive. You must have enough funds to justify your itinerary.

A 7-10 day itinerary works the best for UK visa. If you are only visiting London, probably less than 7 days is better.

  1. Unclear itinerary
  • REASON
  • “You did not indicate what you intend to do or where you intend to stay. The plans for this trip are unclear and lacking in detail.”

Specify a detailed itinerary in your cover letter. The itinerary should include the dates, cities and your day-to-day activities in each city.

If your itinerary is too long, attach an additional page to your cover letter.

  1. Lack of leave approval letter
  • REASON
  • “It is unclear if your employer has agreed for you to be away from work for the period of this trip, and therefore that you will return to this employment following this trip.”

Include a leave approval letter from your employer. A leave approval letter is the single most documents that can strengthen your case. It indicates two things –

  • You have strong ties with your country
  • You have the obligation to return back to your country after your UK trip

Your leave approval letter should clearly mention that you have been granted leave to travel to the UK and you will return to your current job after your vacation.

This letter must be on the company letterhead with the original HR or manager’s signature. You must have your HR or manager write this letter specifically for your UK travel.

If you cannot obtain a leave approval letter, have your employer at least mention your leave details in the employment letter.

  1. Lack of salary deposits in your bank account
  • REASON
  • “Your stated monthly income is not reflected in the history of the account”

It is not uncommon to have a UK visa rejected due to bank statements. Apart from your employment documentation, you must be able to show your monthly salary in your bank statement.

Make sure your employer deposit your salary directly into your bank account. Your regular salary deposits indicate two things –

  • You are genuinely employed and have a steady source of income
  • You have genuinely saved up to travel to the UK and not borrowing money from someone

Have your employer deposit your salary directly into your bank account. It’s fine if you have to withdraw cash for expenses, family, etc. But, it is important to have your salary deposited directly into your bank account.

If you receive a physical paycheck, deposit the check yourself in the bank regularly every month.

  1. Large undocumented deposits in your bank account

REASON

“Large credits have been made which are in excess of your stated monthly income”

REASON

“I am not satisfied with the origin of these funds or that they are genuinely available to you”

REASON

“The sources of these deposits are not demonstrated by the documents provided”

As I mentioned in the above reason, it’s not uncommon to have a UK visa rejected due to bank statements.

Large deposits in your bank account indicate that you have borrowed money to inflate the numbers in your bank account. Visa officers will not be convinced that the funds in your account are your own and are available for you to use.

Make sure there are no large deposits in your bank account. If you already have large deposits in your account, provide proof of the source of those deposits. Example –

  • If you have received money from selling a property, attach the sales deed to the bank statement
  • If you have received money from rents, attach the rental agreements from your tenants
  1. Exhausting all your savings or spending several times your monthly income

REASON

“I don’t find it credible that you would exhaust nearly all the funds available to you”

REASON

“This amount represents over half your declared savings or over x months of your monthly expenditure”

If the total expenditure of your UK trip is more than half of your savings or several times your monthly salary, your visa will be refused. It’s not realistic to exhaust all your savings on one trip to the UK. You would need to preserve at least half of your savings for emergencies.

Also, it is not wise to spend more than 2 times your monthly income on your UK trip. If your monthly salary is low, wait until your monthly salary improves. If your savings are low, take a few more months to build your savings. But taking chances and applying for your UK visa not only leads to refusal but affects all your future visa results.

Even if you have received a gift or bonus from your employer or your sponsor is taking care of your expenses, you are still required to show a saving that is more than twice your UK trip expenditure. This is to make sure you can support yourself during your trip in case your sponsor or employer decides not to support you.

  1. Lack of travel history

REASON

“I am not satisfied that you are a genuinely seeking entry as a visitor and that you intend to leave the UK at the end of your visit”

REASON

“I note that you have never traveled to the UK or anywhere else before”

Travel history indicates that you do not have illegal immigration intent. If you were to stay illegally anywhere, you could have done it so already in any of those countries you have been to so far.

If you do not have travel history, build your travel history first.

Travel to some visa-required countries. The more the countries you travel, the better it is for your UK visa.

  1. Lack of detailed cover letter

REASON

“I am not satisfied that you have sufficient ties and would, in fact, leave the UK on completion of your proposed visit”

UK visa application forms may not ask all the details that you want to convey. Therefore, a cover letter is a way for you to convey that additional information and convince the visa officer that you are genuinely seeking entry as a visitor.

Write a detailed cover letter mentioning your proposed itinerary, your financial situation, your travel history, your intention to return back, etc.

Your cover letter should not exceed one page. Use bullets instead of paragraphs. The simpler, cleaner the better.

Keep in mind that the UK visa officers may not be familiar with terminology from your country. Do not use words, designations, addresses, etc that are not familiar to them.

Visa officers may have lots of work on their plates. So, your cover letter should convey what you want to convey clearly and quickly.

  1. Lack of proper documentation from your sponsor

REASON

“I am not satisfied that your sponsor will be able to provide maintenance and accommodation during your sponsor trip”

If you are using a sponsor for your UK visa, you must have the following documentation from your sponsor. If you don’t have all of this documentation from your sponsor, you will be risking your visa.

  • A letter from your sponsor undertaking that he/she would arrange your accommodation, transportation, and other expenses while you are in the UK
  • Your sponsor’s bank statements for the last 3 months (must indicate employer pay deposits and have no large undocumented deposits)
  • Your sponsor’s British passport’s main page
  • Your sponsor’s British postal poll card
  • Your sponsor’s utility bill

Just having an invitation letter is not sufficient. An invitation letter is not legally enforceable and such letters will not help unless you provide additional documentation from your sponsor such as those mentioned above.

  1. Not disclosing any previous visa refusals

REASON

“I am aware that you have been refused a US visa and you do not declare this on your visa application form”

UK Home Office may have information sharing with other countries. You must enter only true information and must disclose any previous visa refusals from any country, not just the UK.

Pretty much all the information you provide is verifiable these days. Therefore, not disclosing your previous visa rejections can lead to your UK tourist visa refusal.

  1. No change in circumstances since your previous visa refusal

REASON

“I note that you were previously refused entry clearance”

REASON

“You are likely to be refused unless the circumstances of your application change”

If your circumstances haven’t changed since your previous UK visa refusal, your visa may be refused again. Multiple visa refusals can lead to blacklisting and permanent ban. It’s wise to not apply at all than dealing with a visa refusal again.

Posted in Europe, Immigration, Tourist Visa, UK, Visa and Immigration | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Canada looking for More Immigrants through Express Entry Program

Canada looking for More Immigrants through Express Entry Program

canada-immigration

canada-immigration

Every year, the Government of Canada produces an immigration levels plan that outlines the number of new Canadian permanent residents it aims to admit through the country’s various immigration programs.

The first multi-year immigration levels plan was introduced by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) in 2017 and set out admissions targets for 2018-2020 for Canada’s economic, family, refugee and humanitarian immigration programs. This plan was later replaced in 2018 with IRCC’s immigration levels targets for 2019-2021.

Economic immigration, which is a major driver of Canada’s economic growth, accounts for more than half of planned admissions through the multi-year levels plan.

The majority of projected economic admissions would be issued through the federal Express Entry system programs:

  1. The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program
  2. The Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC); and
  3. The Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is also expected to play an increasingly important role in terms of economic immigration. This program allows participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate eligible immigration candidates who match local workforce needs for permanent residence.

Economic Programs

Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program:

This Express Entry-managed program is for immigrants with the requisite education, work experience, proficiency in English and/or French and other skills need to establish themselves economically in Canada.

Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC):

The Express Entry-managed Federal Skilled Trades Class is for foreign workers with qualifications in a skilled trade.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC):

The Canadian Experience Class is managed by the Express Entry system and welcomes expressions of interest from foreign workers with Canadian work experience or recent graduates of Canadian educational institutions working in Canada.

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP):

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot allows designated Atlantic employers to recruit and hire foreign skilled workers or international graduates in the Atlantic Canada region (Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick).

Caregivers Program:

Canada allows eligible foreigners caring for children and people with the high medical need the opportunity to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Federal Business (Start-Up Visa Program and Self-Employed Person):

Federal business class programs allow foreigners who meet eligibility requirements the chance to run new or pre-existing businesses in Canada.

Provincial Nominee Program (PNP):

This program allows participating provinces and territories to nominate eligible economic immigration candidates for Canadian permanent residence.

Quebec Skilled Worker Program and Quebec Business:

The province of Quebec runs its own immigration system outside the federal system. The Government of Quebec’s planned levels for 2019 to 2021 have yet to be determined.

Targeted Immigrants by Canada next 2 years

  • The Government of Canada plans to welcome 330,800 new permanent residents by the year 2019.
  • The Government of Canada plans to welcome 341,000 new permanent residents by the year 2020.
  • The Government of Canada plans to welcome 350,000 new permanent residents by the year 2021.
Posted in Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ontarios first Tech Draw invites more than 1,600 Express Entry candidates

Ontario’s first Tech Draw invites more than 1,600 Express Entry candidates with CRS scores as low as 439

Ontario Express Entry

Ontario Express Entry

Ontario’s first Tech Draw invites more than 1,600 Express Entry candidates

Candidates with eligible work experience in 6 tech occupations targeted in July 12 draw

Ontario conducted its first Tech Draw on July 12, inviting 1,623 Express Entry candidates with eligible work experience to apply for a provincial nomination for Canadian permanent residence.

Those invited in the July 12 draw had Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) scores ranging from 439 to 459 and created their Express Entry profiles between July 12, 2018, to July 12, 2019.

The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) announced earlier this month that it would begin holding Tech Draws to meet the growing labour needs of the province’s tech sector.

Ontario is home to several of Canada’s major tech hubs, notably those in the cities of Toronto, Ottawa and Waterloo.

Tech companies in Toronto alone created more tech jobs than the San Francisco Bay area in 2017, according to the CBRE Group.

First step: Get in the Express Entry pool

In order to be considered for a Tech Draw invitation, candidates must have an eligible profile registered under the Federal Skilled Worker Class or Canadian Experience Class, both of which are managed by the Federal Express Entry system.

All candidates in the Express Entry pool are assigned a score under the CRS that is based on factors such as age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

A provincial nomination results in an additional 600 CRS points, effectively guaranteeing an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence in a subsequent draw from the Express Entry pool.

Express Entry draws have seen the minimum score required to receive an invitation range from 438 to 470 this year, with scores in the 450s being most common.

Only once this year have Federal Skilled Worker Class and Canadian Experience Class candidates with CRS scores of 439 made the cut-off in an Express Entry Draw.

How Tech Draws work

OINP Tech Draws are conducted through the province’s Human Capital Priorities immigration stream, which allows the OINP to search the federal Express Entry pool for candidates who meet the stream’s eligibility requirements.

A job offer is not required in order to be eligible for the Human Capital Priorities Stream.

Tech Draws search specifically for Express Entry candidates who meet the Human Capital Priorities Stream’s eligibility requirements and have at least one year of continuous paid full-time work experience (or the equivalent in paid part-time work) in one of the following six tech occupations:

  1. Software engineers and designers (NOC 2173)
  2. Computer programmers and interactive media developers (NOC 2174)
  3. Computer engineers (NOC 2147)
  4. Web designers and developers (NOC 2175)
  5. Database analysts and data administrators (NOC 2172)
  6. Computer and information systems managers (NOC 0213)

NOC stands for National Occupational Classification, which determines an occupation’s skill level and skill type.

Posted in Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Ontario, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ontario is targeting Express Entry Candidates with Tech Experience

New Ontario draws will target Express Entry candidates with tech experience

Ontario

Ontario

Ontario is targeting Express Entry Candidates with Tech Experience

Ontario tech draws will provide a pathway to permanent residence for tech workers in 6 occupations

The Government of Ontario has revealed its plans for nominating Express Entry candidates with work experience in the technology sector for Canadian permanent residence.

Ontario had previously announced that it would create a dedicated stream for tech workers. Instead, it will hold targeted draws for Express Entry candidates with work experience in six tech-related occupations through its existing Human Capital Priorities Stream.

The Express Entry system is Canada’s main source of skilled workers and manages the pool of candidates for the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Eligible candidates for these programs are entered into the Express Entry pool where they are ranked based on scores awarded under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

A candidate’s CRS score is based on factors that include age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

Express Entry candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points toward their CRS score, effectively guaranteeing an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence, or ITA.

Ontario is the most popular destination for new permanent residents of Canada, including those admitted through the Express Entry system. In 2018, 65% of new immigrants admitted through Express Entry had Ontario as their destination province.

To be considered for an invitation through an OINP tech draw, candidates must first create an Express Entry profile.

Tech draws will reflect employer needs

Interest in the tech-focused draws is high in Ontario, which is home to major tech hubs located in the cities of Toronto, Ottawa and Kitchener-Waterloo.

Ontario is currently facing a shortage of tech workers, as is the rest of Canada. It is estimated that up to 220,000 skilled workers will be needed in Canada’s Information and Communication Technology sector by 2021.

The OINP uses its Human Capital Priorities Stream to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who match specified federal and provincial criteria.

OINP tech draws will search the Express Entry pool for eligible candidates with work experience in one of six targeted occupations:

  • Software engineers and designers (NOC 2173)
  • Computer programmers and interactive media developers (NOC 2174)
  • Computer engineers (NOC 2147)
  • Web designers and developers (NOC 2175)
  • Database analysts and data administrators (NOC 2172)
  • Computer and information systems managers (NOC 0213)

NOC stands for National Occupational Classification, which determines an occupation’s skill level and skill type.

The OINP said the six occupations reflect current needs in Ontario and were selected based on consultations with employers and other stakeholders across the province.

The Human Capital Priorities Stream does not require a job offer and has a history of inviting Express Entry candidates with CRS scores that haven’t been high enough for an ITA in one of the federal government’s regular Express Entry draws.

Express Entry candidates selected by the OINP will receive a Notification of Interest from the OINP and have 45 days to apply for a provincial nomination from Ontario.

Nominations on the rise

Ontario receives an annual nomination allocation through the federal government’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). Ontario’s allocation under the PNP has grown in each of the last six years and stands at 6,900 for 2019.

Admissions of new permanent residents through the PNP are slated to continue growing in 2020 and 2021, as are admissions through the three programs managed by the Express Entry system.

Overall, Canada could welcome more than one million newcomers between now and 2021.

“Ontario’s tech draws are an important innovation and a great opportunity for Express Entry candidates,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal.

“Ontario has shown a willingness to invite Express Entry candidates with lower scores through its Human Capital Priorities Stream, so we’ll be keeping a close eye on these tech draws to see if that continues.”

Posted in Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Ontario, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Process for Australia Immigration? Visa options for Permanent Resident?

Process for Australia Immigration? Visa options for Permanent Resident?

Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration

Australia Immigration

You can become a permanent resident of Australia by applying for and being granted a permanent visa that allows you to remain in Australia indefinitely. The most common permanent visas include some skilled work and family visas.

Requirements

When you apply for a permanent visa, you will need to meet our visa requirements. Look under Eligibility in each visa to see what those requirements are.

Travel

As an Australian permanent resident, your right to re-enter Australia after traveling overseas will depend on whether the travel facility on your permanent visa is valid. You do not have an automatic right of entry to Australia.

Citizenship

You may be eligible to become an Australian citizen after meeting certain requirements, including being a permanent visa holder and residing in Australia for a certain amount of time.

An Australian permanent resident and an Australian citizen are not the same.

As a permanent resident of Australia, you generally can:

  • remain in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enroll in Australia’s national health scheme, Medicare
  • apply for bank loans to buy property
  • sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible
  • Travel to and from Australia for as long as your travel facility permits.
  • attend free English language classes provided by the Adult Migrant English Program
  • work in New Zealand

You may also qualify for other government benefits and services. If you hold a permanent visa, but you are not residing in Australia, your eligibility for the above may be impacted. Contact the relevant government departments or authorities to confirm your rights and obligations.

Unlike Australian citizens, a permanent resident generally cannot:

  • have an Australian passport
  • vote in Australian Government elections unless you enrolled (as a British subject) before 26 January 1984
  • access student loans
  • join the Australian Defence Force
  • obtain ongoing work in the Australian Government
  • return to Australia from overseas without a valid travel facility (you do not have an automatic right of entry to Australia).

Travel facility on your permanent visa

When you are granted a permanent visa, you are usually permitted a 5-year travel facility. This means you can leave and re-enter Australia as many times as you like in the 5 years from the date your permanent visa was granted, as long as your visa remains valid.

After 5 years, your travel facility expires. You will need to apply for and be granted either:

  • A Resident Return visa – if you wish to re-enter Australia as a permanent resident
  • Australian citizenship – if you wish to travel as an Australian citizen.

If you enter Australia on a temporary visa when the travel facility on your permanent visa has expired, this will have an adverse impact on you. See ‘Resident Return visa’ below for details.

If you are not eligible for either of the above and wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident, you may have to apply again for a permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa.

Travel Facility Expiry Reminder (TFER) trial

The TFER trial service aims to remind certain permanent residents that the travel facility on their permanent visa is expiring in 90 days. The functionality is currently limited to visa holders of the following:

  • Partner visa (100)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme visa (856)
  • Skilled sponsored visa (176)
  • Partner visa (801)

These reminders are only sent via email to visa holders who do not have a pending RRV application and have their personal email addresses recorded in our system

Resident Return visa

If you wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident from any overseas travel, you may need to apply for and be granted a Resident Return visa (subclass 155 or subclass 157) if:

  • the travel facility on your permanent visa has either already expired or will expire while you are outside Australia
  • you are a former Australian permanent resident whose last permanent visa was not canceled
  • you are a former Australian citizen who lost or renounced your citizenship.

If you intend to arrive in Australia without a valid visa, your entry will be denied (unless you are an Australian citizen).

Your permanent resident status will only be reinstated if your application for a Resident Return visa is granted. If your Resident Return visa application is refused, you may have to consider applying again for another permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa. You will be provided with information regarding your eligibility for any merits review processes.

Any family members who are permanent residents traveling outside of Australia will need their own Resident Return visas.

Returning to Australia without a permanent visa that has a valid travel facility (for example, entering Australia on an ETA or visitor visa) may impact both your:

  • entitlements as a permanent resident
  • ability to satisfy the permanent residence requirements when applying for Australian citizenship or when applying for another Resident Return visa.

If you are in Australia as a permanent resident, you do not need to apply for a Resident Return visa if you do not wish to travel following the expiry of your permanent visa’s travel facility.

Visa options for Permanent Resident

People can become a permanent resident of Australia in different ways. Three common ways of becoming a permanent resident are through gaining:

  • a family-stream permanent visa
  • a work-stream permanent visa
  • business or investor-stream permanent visa

Check that you meet our criteria before you apply. If your visa has a “no further stay” condition attached, you cannot stay in Australia beyond the period specified in your visa in order to apply for permanent residency.

To find a visa that suits your needs, explore visa options.

  1. Family-stream permanent residence visas
  2. Work-stream permanent residence visas
  3. Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas
  4. Other options

Family-stream permanent residence visas

These are for:

  • partners, children, parents or dependent relatives of an Australian citizen, permanent resident of Australia or Eligible New Zealand citizen
  • children being adopted or in the process of being adopted outside of Australia
  • carers who need to move to Australia to provide long-term care for an approved relative

Work-stream permanent residence visas

These are for workers who have an Australian employer sponsoring them to work in Australia or have skills that Australia values.

Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas

Explore permanent visa options for business or investment.

Other options

Retirement visa pathway

The Australian Government has recently created a pathway to permanent residency for eligible retirees.

This pathway provides options to long-term residents who have contributed to, and are well-established in the community.

The government has built the pathway by setting aside a portion of places from the permanent migration scheme for parents.

Learn more about the Retirement visa pathway.

Former Resident visa

This visa is for certain permanent Former Residents.

Distinguished Talent visas

These visas are for people with an internationally-recognized record of exceptional and outstanding achievement.

  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 124)
  • Distinguished Talent visa (subclass 858)

Refugee and humanitarian visas

These visas are for people who left their home country due to persecution.

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Promoting positive benefits of immigration best weapon against Canada

Promoting positive benefits of immigration ‘best weapon’ against fear, Canada’s Immigration Minister says

Benefits of Canada Immigration

Benefits of Canada Immigration

Ahmed Hussen highlights Canada’s leadership role in resettling refugees as his proudest achievement in office

Canada’s Immigration Minister, Ahmed Hussen, played up the positive impact of immigrants and refugees on the country and its economy in an address this week to international immigration experts gathered in the nation’s capital city, Ottawa.

Hussen said the theme for this year’s International Metropolis Conference, “The Promise of Migration,” was “exactly the kind of conversation we should be having.”

The annual conference is attended by more than 1,000 immigration officials and experts from around the world.

“We here in Canada understand that we need to keep talking to each other on this subject, to learn from each other the proven benefits of migration and the importance of working together to tackle the challenges of irregular migration,” Hussen said.

He told his audience that his experience as Canada’s Immigration Minister has helped him see just how essential immigration is to Canada and other industrialized nations that are struggling with labour shortages due to their ageing populations and declining birth rates.

“In Canada, I always knew intellectually and from reading reports just how crucial the injection of new immigrants and workers is to our economy. But it wasn’t until I became a minister and I travelled from coast to coast in Canada that I realized just how severe those shortages were and how small and medium and large businesses relied on workers to grow their businesses and contribute to the local economy. They’re one of the biggest champions of increasing immigration numbers into Canada.”

Facts on immigration ‘best weapon’ against fear

Hussen said that it is now more essential than ever to make the positive contributions of immigrants and refugees known as Western countries experience a rise in anti-immigrant sentiment.

“The best weapon against fear is facts; facts don’t lie and the numerous studies continue to show that migrants make an enormous contribution to our economies and our societies,” he said.

“Our job as stakeholders as government as all of you working in [the immigration] space, is to fight fear with facts, to push the reality, the positive impact of immigration on the local economy, the positive role that immigration can and does play in meeting demographic challenges, in filling unfilled jobs, in bringing much-needed skills to countries like Canada. We need to highlight that, we cannot take those facts for granted, that everybody understands them or is aware of them.”

Asked what accomplishments he’s most proud of, Hussen, a former refugee from Somalia, pointed to a recent United Nations report that said Canada resettled the most refugees of any country in 2018.

“Instead of being the number one country for political prisoners, or the number one country for nuclear bombs, I’d rather be known as the number one country for compassion toward refugees,” he said.

“I’m proud that we have demonstrated to many other countries and politicians who have tried to use immigration as a tool to divide people, we have demonstrated through our government’s actions and through the leadership of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government that you can be both strong and effective in protecting your country and the health and safety of your citizens while being compassionate and open to refugees.

Posted in Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

41800 candidates got invitations to apply for permanent residence

41,800 candidates got invitations to apply for permanent residence in the first half of Canada

Permanent Residence

Permanent Residence

The second half of 2019 may be even busier with higher targets for Express Entry and provincial nominee programs

The first half of 2019 was among the most active six-month stretches in the history of Canada’s Express Entry system, with a total of 41,800 invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence issued.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) held 13 draws over the first six months of 2019, issuing a total of 41,800 invitations to apply (ITAs). Only 2017 had a busier start to the year and just two other six-month periods have seen more ITAs issued since Express Entry’s introduction in January 2015.

The Express Entry system is Canada’s primary source of skilled foreign workers. It manages the pool of candidates for Canada’s three Federal High Skilled immigration programs — the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Eligible candidates for each program are entered into the Express Entry pool where they are ranked based on a score awarded under what is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System, or CRS.

The CRS awards point for factors that include age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French.

Additional points may also be awarded to candidates with a provincial nomination, arranged employment in Canada or education in Canada, among other additional point factors and the highest-ranked candidates are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence through regular draws from the pool, which generally take place every two weeks.

A job offer is not required in order to enter or be selected from the Express Entry pool.

A total of 92,000 Express Entry candidates and their families were admitted to Canada as new permanent residents in 2018. This was an increase of 41 percent over 2017 and reflects Canada’s rising admissions targets for the three Express Entry-managed programs and Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program, which includes numerous pathways to permanent residence for Express Entry candidates.

The combined admissions targets for these popular immigration programs are slated to reach 160,100 new permanent residents in 2021 under Canada’s multi-year immigration levels plan.

Stable draw sizes

The first half of 2019 saw IRCC adopt a new approach to draw sizes that have remained unchanged at 3,350 since the end of January.

This differs from past years that saw draw sizes either fluctuate from draw to draw or increased incrementally every few weeks, as was the case in 2018.

While lacking the volatility of past years, IRCC still managed to issue more ITAs in the first half of 2019 than it did in the first half of 2018 — a year that finished with the current ITA record of 89,800.

This achievement last year came on the strength of a second half that produced 50,100 ITAs and saw draw sizes grow to 3,900.

As it stands, the 41,800 ITAs issued so far this year leave IRCC less than halfway to tying 2018’s ITA total of 89,800.

Given its higher admissions targets for 2019 and 2020 through the three Express Entry-managed programs and the PNP, this could result in the busiest second half of a year yet for the Express Entry system.

Cut-off scores

Each Express Entry draw has what is known as the cut-off score, which is the lowest CRS score among the candidates invited to apply. All candidates with scores above the cut-off are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Factors that can affect the cut-off score include the draw size, the time between draws and the number of candidates in the Express Entry pool at the time of a given draw.

The first half of 2019 saw the cut-off score range from a low of 438 to a high of 470 for draws involving all three of the Federal High Skilled categories. There was also one draw limited to Federal Skilled Trades Class candidates that had a minimum score of 332.

One reason the first half of 2019 did not produce lower cut-off scores is the fact IRCC let more than two weeks elapse between all-program draws on two occasions.

The first time this occurred was after the January 30 draw that resulted in the CRS cut-off score of 438. IRCC allowed three weeks to pass and the next draw on February 20 produced a cut-off score of 457.

IRCC followed this by conducting draws every two weeks that gradually brought the cut-off score down to 450 on May 1.

Nearly a month then elapsed between the May 1 draw and the next all-program invitation round on May 29, resulting in a CRS cut-off of 470 — the highest minimum score since December 2016.

IRCC followed the May 29 draw with two invitation rounds in June (one every two weeks) that dropped the cut-off scores of 465 and 462, respectively.

The time between draws is an important determinant of the CRS cut-off score. When more time is allowed to elapse between draws, additional candidates with higher scores can enter the Express Entry pool, leading to a higher cut-off score.

Less time between draws means the Express Entry pool has less time to replenish with higher scoring candidates and generally helps to reduce the cut-off score.

This was the case in late January when fewer than two weeks elapsed between draws and resulted in a score of 438.

PNPs open for business

Express Entry-linked PNP streams in provinces such as Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, and Nova Scotia have provided eligible, lower-scoring Express Entry candidates with pathways to the permanent residence over the past six months.

Express Entry candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points toward their CRS score, effectively guaranteeing an ITA from the Government of Canada regardless of their original CRS score.

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program has a higher admissions target for 2019 than it did last year and it is slated to rise again in 2020 and 2021.

Certain PNP streams, such as Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker Express Entry sub-category and Ontario’s French-Speaking Skilled Worker and Skilled Trades streams, do not require a minimum CRS score of Express Entry candidates in order to be eligible.

Saskatchewan’s Express Entry sub-category held eight draws during the first six months of 2019 and issued 1,166 invitations to apply for a provincial nomination during that time.

In order to be considered for a provincial nomination from Saskatchewan, eligible Express Entry candidates must register a separate Expression of Interest profile with the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program.

Ontario’s French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream invited 549 candidates over the first six months of 2019 and the other 732 were invited through the Skilled Trades Stream.

Nova Scotia’s Labour Market Priorities Stream has also invited Express Entry candidates without requiring a CRS minimum. This was the case with the stream’s last opening on June 3, when 312 Express Entry candidates with eligible work experience in early childhood education were invited to apply for a provincial nomination.

Other Express Entry-linked PNP streams have minimum CRS score requirements that are well below the cut-off scores seen in federal draws over the first six months of this year.

The Alberta Express Entry Stream has been used on 16 occasions this year to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who match its eligibility requirements. Eight of these searches had minimum scores between 300 and 302.

The first step toward pursuing these Express Entry-aligned provincial nominee streams is submitting an Express Entry profile.

“The first half of 2019 was certainly impressive in terms of the sheer amount of ITAs issued, and we could very well see it eclipsed by the second half of the year,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal.

“We are also seeing growing PNP targets and evolving labour market needs and labour market streams at the provincial level result in more and different Express Entry candidates being able to pursue Canadian permanent residence.”

Posted in Alberta, Atlantic Canada, British Columbia, Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Toronto, Visa and Immigration, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

3600 express entry candidates got invitations apply Permanent Residence

3,600 Express Entry candidates invited to apply for permanent residence in the largest draw since January

Canada permanent residence

Canada permanent residence

3600 express entry candidates got invitations to apply for Permanent Residence

CRS cut-off score drops two points to 460 in July 10 draw

Another Express Entry draw has issued 3,600 solicitations to apply for Canadian Permanent Residence — the most solicitations issued in a solitary draw since January 23.

The cut-off score in the July 10 draw was 460, a reduction of two points over the base score of 462 in the past Express Entry draw held June 26.

The bigger draw size mirrors the higher affirmations focus on that have been set for both 2019 and 2020 for the three Federal High Skilled movement programs that are overseen by the Express Entry framework. These projects are the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Express Entry likewise deals with a part of Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program, which additionally has higher affirmations focuses for 2019 and 2020.

Hopefuls in the Express Entry pool are positioned dependent on scores granted for elements that incorporate age, training, talented work understanding and capability in English or French. The most noteworthy positioned applicants have issued a challenge to apply for Canadian perpetual living arrangements or ITA.

Express Entry hopefuls welcomed in the present attract have 60 days to apply for Canadian changeless habitation. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) have a handling standard of a half year for Express Entry applications.

IRCC has now issued 45,400 ITAs this year. This puts the office right over the midway imprint to outperforming the Express Entry record 89,800 ITAs that were issued in 2018.

The present draw is an expansion of 250 ITAs over the 10 draws held since January 30, every one of which issued 3,350 ITAs.

The lower cut-off score might be credited to the two its bigger draw measure and the reality just two weeks were permitted to go between draws.

The last three draws have each been isolated by a fourteen day interim and the cut-off score has diminished in everyone, from 465 to 462 and now to 460.

On the other hand, the CRS slice off shot up to 470 on May 29 after IRCC permitted about a month to go between all-program draws.

This implies all hopefuls with a CRS score over 460, just as those with scores of 460 who entered their profile in the Express Entry pool before this date and time, got an ITA.

“Canada has been expecting draw sizes to increase given Canada’s higher admissions targets for the programs managed by the Express Entry system, so it was great to see that finally happen,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal.

“In the event that this proceeds, the second 50% of 2019 could be another for the record books.”

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51 percent jump in Indians acquiring permanent residency in Canada

51% jump in Indians acquiring permanent residency in Canada

Canada permanent residency

Canada permanent residency

The number of Indian citizens who obtained permanent residency in Canada through its express entry route in 2018 has increased by 51 percent from 2017.

Canada’s held the title of being a ‘Mini India‘ owing to the amount of Indians who migrate to the country every year.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The number of Indian citizens obtained permanent residency in 2018 has increased by 51 percent from 2017
  • China secured the third rank in 2018, with about 5,800 Chinese acquiring permanent residencies.
  • As per the data, 41,675 invites, or 46 percent of the total, were sent to those holding Indian citizenship in 2018.

During 2018, more than 39,500 Indian citizens obtained permanent residency in Canada under the express entry system. According to the statistics released recently, Canada admitted over 92,000 new permanent entry residents under its express entry system in 2018, a rise of 41 percent over the previous year. It may be noted that permanent residency is similar to a green card in the United States (US).

In 2017, Canada had admitted nearly 65,500 permanent residents through its express entry route, of which 40 percent, or 26,300 odd, were from India. However, the number of Indian citizens obtained permanent residency in 2018 has increased by 51 percent from 2017.

An interesting thing to note here is that in 2017, China had secured the second rank. It slipped to the third rank in 2018, with only about 5,800 Chinese acquiring permanent residency. Meanwhile, Nigeria obtained the second slot on this list. The number of invites issued to the citizens of China indicated a negative growth.

Even, those who are based in India are also actively looking at Canada for employment or permanent settlement. A pilot scheme, which has recently transited to a permanent scheme, the Global Talent Stream (GTS) enables Canadian companies to bring on board expats with a STEM background within a period of just two weeks. It is to likely increase the flow of Indian employees to Canada. It may be noted that the national publication in its April 10 edition, had stated that many of these GTS workers are expected to later opt for permanent residency.

The Canadian government uses an express entry system to manage the applications from skilled and qualified workers for permanent residence through three economic immigration programs.

Under the express entry program, applicants go through an online profile. After this, they are placed in the express entry pool and ranked relative to each other based on their comprehensive ranking system (CRS) scores. CRS considers factors such as the existence of a job offer, age, education, work experience, English and French proficiency. All those applicants who clear the cutoff mark are sent invitations to apply for permanent residency. It may be noted that the maximum cutoff is 1,200.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, Canada’s immigration division, in its recently released express entry report stated, “The top countries of citizenship based on the people admitted to Canada generally mirror those of invited candidates. Nearly half of all people admitted in 2018 had Indian citizenship.”

As per the data, 41,675 invites, or 46 percent of the total, were sent to those holding Indian citizenship in 2018. In the previous year 2017, of the 86,022 total invites, 36,308 were issued to Indian citizens, 5,129 to Nigerians and 7,467 to Chinese citizens.

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