Family reunification is the second largest category of Canadian immigration. If you’re a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you may be able to sponsor some family members to join you. If you’re in Canada temporarily though, as a student or a worker, you may be able to bring your family with you!


Once you become a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you may be able to sponsor some family members to come to Canada. This is called Family Sponsorship and it’s the second largest category of Canadian immigration, behind economic immigration.

There are three types of family members eligible for Family sponsorship:

  • Spouse or common-law partner
  • Dependent children
  • Parents or grandparents

To be eligible, you have to be at least 18 years old and have enough income to support any family you want to sponsor to immigrate to Canada. Sponsored family members become permanent residents of Canada!

If you’re sponsoring your spouse or partner to come to Canada, and they have dependent children, you can also sponsor their children to immigrate to Canada.


The Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Program is limited. Interested families have to submit an online form to express their interest in applying. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) draws 10,000 of these forms in a kind of annual lottery and invites those selected to submit an application.

To make up for the limited size of the program, IRCC offers the Super Visa for Parents and Grandparents. This is a multiple-entry visa that can be valid for up to 10 years and allows your parents or grandparents to stay in Canada for up to 2 years on their initial visit. You must be a permanent resident or citizen of Canada for your parents or grandparents to apply for the Super Visa.

Unlike the Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Program, the Super Visa for Parents and Grandparents does not lead to permanent resident status for your parents.


If you come to Canada on a temporary permit, like a study permit or work permit, you may be able to bring your family with you.


If you receive a valid job offer from a Canadian employer and are applying for a work permit, you may be eligible to have your spouse and dependent children accompany you to Canada.

If your children are school-aged, they’ll be able to attend Canadian educational institutions without needing separate study permits. Your spouse or partner may also be eligible to apply for an open work permit, allowing him or her to work for any employer in Canada.


If you’re accepted into a Canadian school, you can include your spouse and dependent children on your application for a study permit. As with temporary workers, international students’ accompanying spouses are able to apply for an open work permit, and their dependent children can attend school in Canada.

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New Zealand should be firm but friendly with the Trump administration

New Zealand should be firm but friendly with the Trump administration

New Zealand should be firm but friendly with the Trump administration

New Zealand should be firm but friendly with the Trump administration

With US Secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, scheduled to visit Wellington this week, it is clear New Zealand’s interests and values are challenged by the Trump administration’s world view.

However, it is possible for Wellington to maintain friendly ties with Washington while frankly acknowledging the policy differences between the two sides.

The Trump administration’s world view, which emphasizes resistance to globalisation and multilateral institutions – particularly in relation to immigration, trade and governance – cuts a stark contrast with a forward-leaning New Zealand foreign policy perspective that views globalisation as a transformative change, driven by technology, which has helped to advance New Zealand’s position on the international stage.

More specifically, the Trump administration’s early actions cut across four aspects of New Zealand’s foreign policy posture.

First, in terms of national identity, and at a time when New Zealand has redefined itself in the world itself by recognising the special constitutional and cultural position of Maori people and expanding ties with the Asia-Pacific, Trump’s brand of nationalism appears to have weakened America’s commitment to international human rights and the rule of law.

President Trump has attempted to introduce a temporary travel ban against citizens from 7 Middle Eastern countries and exclude Syrian refugees, re-affirmed his commitment to build a border wall with Mexico, and begin the process of repealing the Affordable Health Care Act, which extended health care insurance to 20 million disadvantaged Americans.

Second, since a program of radical reform in the mid-1980s had made the New Zealand economy one of the most open in the developed world, all New Zealand governments have identified trade liberalization as a crucial ingredient in increasing the country’s economic growth and prosperity.

However, the new Trump administration does not seem to share this goal. In January 2017, Washington announced its withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). This was a major blow to Wellington.

Historically, New Zealand governments have been trying for years to secure a bilateral free trade agreement with Washington and played a leadership role in advancing the idea of the TPP, a multilateral trade agreement encompassing the US and 11 other states from the Asia-Pacific region.

Third, the advent of the Trump administration has the potential to complicate New Zealand’s much-improved security relationship with the US.

While Prime Minister Bill English supported President Trump’s missile strike against the Assad regime following its illegal use of chemical weapons in the Syrian civil war and welcomes greater diplomatic co-ordination between President Trump and China’s President Xi Jinping in curbing the nuclear weapons ambitions of the Kim Jong Un’s regime in North Korea, the absence of a coherent strategic vision in Trump’s White House is disconcerting for an ally like New Zealand.

President Trump’s tactical opportunism – in the space of five months in office he has changed his mind on NATO, the EU, China, Syria, and Russia – raises troubling questions about the degree of American support for commitments like the New Zealand deployment of 143 military personnel in Iraq.

Fourth, New Zealand’s ‘can do’ approach to multilateral diplomacy sits uncomfortably with the Trump administration’s realpolitik. Unlike Britain and Australia, New Zealand has been less inclined to believe that the globalized liberal order is exclusively dependent on the power of the United States.

But the Trump team seems to exemplify the view “the strong rule where they can and the weak suffer what they must”.  And this may mean, as Trump recently demonstrated, the US walking away from the 2015 Paris agreement on climate change.

Moreover, the diplomatic task of managing New Zealand’s close relationship with both US and China could become more difficult with New Zealand facing the prospect of greater pressure to align more closely with Washington.

How should New Zealand respond to the Trump administration? For one thing, New Zealand must not abandon its core foreign policy beliefs centered on its support for the UN and a rules-based order in the vain hope that it can appease the Trump administration.

Unfortunately, there may already be some fraying here with the New Zealand Foreign Minister, Gerry Brownlee apparently distancing himself from his government’s previous co-sponsorship of UNSC 2334, which condemned Israel’s program of settlements in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.

But the costs of such short-term diplomatic maneuvering far outweigh the benefits. It should not be forgotten that differences over New Zealand’s non-nuclear security policy did not prevent an eventual rapprochement between Wellington and Washington after 9/11.

Besides, the New Zealand government will be aware the current leaderships of the UK and Australia have already drawn domestic criticism for being too subservient to the Trump administration.

New Zealand should avoid tilting too heavily towards either the US or China, and it must also continue to diversify its efforts to expand its relationships, particularly in the Asia Pacific.

Such diversification helps to prevent a New Zealand fixation with the US-China relationship and reminds the two superpowers that they are not the only shows in town. Pressing ahead with the TPP without the US is one way of doing this.

At the same time, New Zealand should not allow its view of the United States to be dominated by the Trump administration.

America was an important partner before the Trump administration and is likely to remain one during the post-Trump era. The two countries share democratic political values, significant economic ties, military and intelligence links and close social-cultural relations.

In the circumstances, it makes sense for the New Zealand to pursue a two-track policy approach towards the Trump administration.

On the one hand, Wellington must vigorously uphold its support for its core foreign policy goals. Having recently completed a high-profile two-year stint on the UNSC, it is important that New Zealand does not back off the foreign policy commitments it made there simply to accommodate the Trump team.

On the other hand, New Zealand should make it very clear that it wants a warm and co-operative relationship with Washington, and is prepared work hard to achieve that where there is common ground between the two sides.

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Transform your global career with the world’s most flexible MBA

Transform your global career with the world’s most flexible MBA

Transform your global career with the world’s most flexible MBA

Transform your global career with the world’s most flexible MBA

Stimulating. Diverse. Customised. Based in one of the world’s most dynamic capital cities, our MBA provides an unequaled opportunity to build your global network.

Leave this transformational program as a well-rounded global leader ready to thrive and succeed in today’s business environment. Your ability to achieve and act – both independently and as a member of a multicultural team anywhere in the world – is what will make you stand out.

Benefit from our outstanding reputation in thought leadership and be challenged by a host of different experiences. Enjoy a curriculum that can be tailored specifically to support your career path and choose whether to finish the program in 15, 18 or 21 months. Immerse yourself in integrated project work, international exchanges, internships and a diverse range of electives. Above all, learn to thrive in today’s complex business environment and emerge as a well-rounded global leader, someone with the ability to act and succeed – both independently and as a member of a multicultural team – anywhere in the world.

Expand your horizons on the London Business School MBA. It’s a career-transforming, life-changing learning experience. Join us and realize your true potential for success.

Reasons to choose this program

The world’s most flexible MBA – Customise our MBA to your individual interests and career path. With flexible exit points, core courses that can be tailored to your needs, 70+ electives and applied learning opportunities, there’s a path to suit everyone.

Outstanding reputation – Consistently ranked as one of the top Master of Business Administration programs in the world, we attract the best and make them better.*

Career impact – With access to leading recruiters and a global professional network, 94% of our MBA students accepted an offer of employment within three months of graduation – with a mean salary of £77,693 (2016).

Academic excellence – Learn from our highly respected faculty whose world-class research advances business thinking. Our faculties are also experienced practitioners who consult to financial institutions, corporations and government agencies worldwide.

Knowledge through experience – London is a living lesson in start-ups, entrepreneurship, and world-class businesses. Take advantage of our London CAP course and work in partnership with leading organizations to put theory into practice.

Global perspectives – Join a vibrant and diverse community of students and faculty – 90% of our MBA2018 classes are from outside the UK. Experience business around the world and develop your global perspective through our Global Business Experiences and International Exchange Programme.

A dynamic and engaged student body – Trek to Machu Picchu, organize the Africa Business Summit or join the Tech and Media Club – student life is anything but predictable!

Life-long networks – Connect with 42,000+ alumni worldwide and draw on their expertise and networks throughout your career.

The London advantage – Be in the right place to access world leaders and guest speakers, creative talent and entertainment. Our vibrant campus is in the heart of London, surrounded by global business and finance.

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