From where Australia’s permanent migrants come

Where Australia’s permanent migrants come from

From where Australia's permanent migrants come

From where Australia’s permanent migrants come

NEW data shows where Australia’s permanent migrants are really coming from — and you might be surprised by the results.

NEW figures have revealed where Australia’s two million permanent migrants have come from since 2000.

The Australian Bureau of Statistics has released new data that identifies India, England and China as some of the top birth countries of the country’s migrants.

It has also revealed that more than half of them are buying or trying to buy their own homes.

There were about 2.2 million permanent migrants in Australia in 2016, who arrived between January 1, 2000, and August 9, 2016, according to the 2016 Australian Census and Migrants Integrated Dataset.

The report links data gathered from the 2016 Census and from the Department of Social Services.

It found 58 percent (1.2 million people) had been granted a skilled visa, 32 percent (683,603) entered via the family stream and just 10 percent (214,656 people) were on humanitarian visas.

The data also revealed where the migrants were coming from.

For those coming to Australia on the skilled visa, the top country of birth was India (19 percent), followed by England and China.

When it comes to family migrants, the top country of birth was China (14 percent), then England and India.

For those on humanitarian visas, Iraq was the top country of birth (18 percent), followed by Afghanistan and Myanmar

About 78 percent of those applying for humanitarian visas were offshore applicants. They were the most likely category of migrants to apply for their visas overseas, compared to those on the family stream (72 percent) and skilled migrants (60 percent).

The figures also revealed that about 54 percent of permanent migrants aged 15 years and older, where buying or owned their own home.

Migrants in the family stream were the most likely to own their home outright (14 percent), followed by skilled migrants (8 percent) and humanitarian migrants (4.7 percent).

The data comes as migration numbers in Australia hit a 10-year low.

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Liberal senator Dean Smith this week called for a review into Australia’s population policy as the nation approached 25 million residents.

But Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said Australia’s immigration and population growth was constantly under review.

He also said the Federal Government was building new projects, like the Western Sydney Airport, to meet rising demand.

“We are getting actively involved, we’re building infrastructure ourselves,” he told 3AW radio in Melbourne.

Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton said last week that the annual intake of permanent migrants fell by 20,000 last year to 162,000, with both skilled and family visas down.

This was the lowest in a decade and attributable to tighter vetting procedures, he said, with dishonest applications in the Government’s crosshairs.

“We’re making sure that people who do become part of our Australian family are coming here to work, not to lead a life on welfare,” he told reporters in Brisbane.

“If you have a robust migration program like we have, and you are assured of the entrants coming in through the program, that they are going to be productive, that they are going to work hard, they aren’t going to lead a life on welfare … you will see the increased economic benefit.”

Immigration remains a talking point in Australia, amid concern about jobs and overcrowding in major cities.

The Labor Opposition welcomed the drop in migration numbers but said the Government must do more to help those in offshore detention, where hundreds still remain in limbo.

“We have seen suicides, we’ve seen a range of mental health conditions being identified and the Government has got that element of the policy wrong,” senior Labor MP Anthony Albanese said.

Migrants trying to enter Australia by sea have been sent to camps on Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island or on Nauru in the Pacific for processing, with even those found to be genuine refugees barred from Australia.

The policy has been criticised by rights groups as well as the United Nations, which has slammed Canberra’s harsh treatment of asylum-seekers who arrive by boat.

Dutton defended the policy as a deterrent against people-smugglers and added that it allowed Australia to offer refuge to those seeking asylum through legitimate channels.

“Last year we had the biggest offshore intake (of refugees) into our country that we’ve seen in decades,” he said. “We did that because we’ve secured our borders.”

Australia’s humanitarian intake — which it excludes from its permanent migration count — was close to 22,000 for its 2016-17 program, which included a special assistance provision for 8200 people affected.

Posted in Australia, Australian Spouse visa, Business / Investor Visa, Immigration, Visa and Immigration, Western Australia, Work Abroad | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Canada speeds up student visa process for Indians

Canada speeds up the student visa process for Indians

Canada speeds up the student visa process for Indians

Canada speeds up the student visa process for Indians

Canada has introduced a faster and simpler visa processing mechanism for students from India and three other countries. The number of Indian students opting for studies in Canada is on the rise+ and this new program which cuts down the processing time for study permits (which are student visas) to within 45 days as opposed to within 60 days will be helpful.

Students from India, China, Vietnam and Philippines who demonstrate upfront that they have the requisite financial resources and language skills to succeed academically in Canada are eligible to opt for the newly introduced ‘Student Direct Stream’ (SDS) program.

The erstwhile Student Partners Program (SPP) that entailed less visa documentation and quicker processing were more narrow in scope and available only to students applying to 40 odd participating Canadian colleges. On the other hand, the SDS program, introduced in early June, is available to students opting for post-secondary courses (ie: college education) at all designated learning institutes, according to a statement issued by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), which is the Canadian government’s immigration division.

This announcement almost coincides with the UK’s government decision to exclude Indian students from easier visa norms. Given the growing protectionism in UK and USA, the number of Indian students opting for Canada is steadily growing. Indian students obtained 83,410 study permits during 2017, a rise of 58% over the previous year.

Earlier, including during 2015 and 2016, Chinese students were the largest class of international students to be allotted the study permits. India topped this list in 2017, with its students garnering 26% of the total study permits issued in that year, with China following closely behind. The trend of Indian students being the largest class of international students it is more pronounced during the period January to April 2018, with 29,000 odd Indian students obtaining the study permits as opposed to 16,925 from China. These statistics are based on an analysis done by TOI, of the open data available on the Canadian government’s website.

According to the Canadian Bureau for International Education, a non-profit agency in the educational domain, there were 4.95 lakh international students studying in Canada at the end of 2017, a rise of 20%. In an email reply to TOI, a spokesperson from the IRCC said that top source countries for international students, who were present in Canada as of December 3, 2017, were China (with 1.40 lakh students), India (with 1.24 lakh students) and Republic of Korea (with 23,050 students).

Ontario-based Talha Mohani, immigration law specialist and managing director at Migration Bureau Corp, explains the nitty-gritty of the SDS program “A study permit application is assessed in terms of eligibility and admissibility, which include finance, language and medical. Under the SDS program, several of these criteria are to be satisfied upfront. The student must pay the first-semester tuition fee, in addition to buying a guaranteed investment certificate of Canadian $ 10,000. A minimum score of 6 for English in the International English Language Testing System is also required. The applicant also has to submit a copy of the upfront medical exam confirmation document. Given that some key criteria are met upfront when the application is made, enables the IRCC to reduce the time required to verify and complete the assessment process.”

“Canadian education and work experience (internship experience counts) are extremely valuable when it comes to job prospects in Canada,” cites a job facilitator. Cynthia Murphy, interim India regional manager at Canadian Immigrant Integration Program, says, “Canadian college students including international students usually complete a work placement (internship) as part of their study course. This enables them to connect with future employers.”

According to IRCC, “The SDS complements the express entry system as these students will be well placed to continue on the path to permanent residence and Canadian citizenship after completing their studies in Canada if they wish to.”The express entry program for permanent residency in Canada is point based and a Canadian education helps garner extra points. Mohani explains that an applicant can get 15 extra points for a post-secondary education program in Canada which is of a one to two-year duration and 30 points if it is of a duration of three years or more. While official data is not available on the most popular courses that Indian students opt for, industry watchers say that business management, civil engineering, software engineering, medicine, and hospitality are some of the popular courses.

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Quebec tops Canadian provinces with 37% jump in job in Vacancies

Quebec tops Canadian provinces with 37% jump in job vacancies in first quarter of 2018

Quebec tops Canadian provinces with 37% jump in job in Vacancies

Quebec tops Canadian provinces with 37% jump in job in Vacancies

Quebec tops Canadian provinces with a 37% jump in job in Vacancies

Quebec set to overhaul immigration system in bid to address labour force shortages

There were 462,000 job vacancies across Canada in the first quarter of 2018, with Quebec reporting the largest year-over-year increase for the three-month period, according to new figures from Statistics Canada.

Job vacancies in Quebec were up by 25,000 in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of 37 percent over the first three months of 2017.

The new data show job vacancies rising across most provinces, industrial sectors and occupational groups compared to the first quarter of 2017.

Job vacancies rose in eight Canadian provinces and Canada’s three territories, with Quebec and British Columbia posting the greatest increases.

Statistics Canada says this was the seventh consecutive quarter to show a year-over-year increase in the number of job vacancies in Quebec, with vacancies in the manufacturing and accommodation and food services industrial sectors increasing the most. Montreal was the economic region in Quebec that posted the greatest increase in job vacancies (+8,700) during the quarter.

Quebec’s unemployment rate was 5.5 percent for the quarter, compared to 6.2 percent in the first three months of 2017.

Quebec’s Liberal government has estimated that more than one million jobs will need to be filled by 2024 and says immigration has a major part to play in filling this gap.

To this end, major changes to Quebec’s immigration system will be unveiled next month, including a new Expression of Interest system.

Job vacancies also up in B.C., Ontario, Alberta and Manitoba

British Columbia posted similar numbers to Quebec, reporting 24,000 more job vacancies in the first quarter of this year, an increase of nearly 36 percent over 2017.

Statistics Canada says job vacancies in B.C. increased in 19 of 20 industrial sectors in the province, with vacancies concentrated in the province’s Lower Mainland-Southwest economic region, which includes Vancouver. Sales and service occupations, trades and equipment operators posted the largest increase in vacancies over the first quarter of 2017.

Job vacancies in Ontario, Canada’s most populous province, increased by 9,800 in the first quarter of 2018, a difference of +5.7 percent over 2017. More than 40 percent (4,200) of those vacancies were in the transportation and warehousing industrial sector and another 2,400 were in the healthcare and social assistance sector.

Ottawa and Kitchener-Waterloo-Barrie were the economic regions of Ontario that recorded the largest increases in job vacancies.

Alberta posted a year-over-year increase of 7,500 jobs in the first quarter of 2018, an increase of 18.5 percent. The most growth in job vacancies in Alberta occurred in the health care and social assistance industrial sector, as well as construction; mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; and administrative support services.

Manitoba reported an increase of 2,800 job vacancies, an increase of 26.4 percent over the first quarter of 2017 that Statistics Canada says was driven by job vacancies in the health care and social assistance sector.

9 of Canada’s 10 largest industrial sectors see increases

Canada’s health care and social assistance sector saw job vacancies increase by 11,000 over the first quarter of 2017, an increase of 27.3 percent over 2017. Job vacancies were up in all four Health Care and Social Assistance sub-sectors, including ambulatory health care services and nursing and residential care facilities.

Transportation and warehousing experienced an increase of 9,300 job vacancies (+46 percent) over the first three months of 2017 and an increase of 7,800 job vacancies, or 23 percent, was reported for Canada’s manufacturing sector, notably transportation equipment, fabricated metal product manufacturing and food manufacturing.

The professional, scientific and technical services sector saw job vacancies increase by 5,660 compared to the first quarter of 2017.

In terms of broad occupation categories, Statistics Canada reported an increase of 9,030 job vacancies in the Business, Finance and Administration category and 8,080 job vacancies in the Natural and Applied Sciences category in the first quarter of 2018 compared to the previous year.

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