Canada to admit nearly 1 million immigrants over next 3 years

Canada to admit nearly 1 million immigrants over next 3 years

Canada to admit nearly 1 million immigrants over next 3 years

Canada to admit nearly 1 million immigrants over next 3 years

Canada will welcome nearly one million immigrants over the next three years, according to the multi-year strategy tabled by the Liberal government today in what it calls “the most ambitious immigration levels in recent history.”

The number of economic migrants, family reunifications and refugees will climb to 310,000 in 2018, up from 300,000 this year. That number will rise to 330,000 in 2019 then 340,000 in 2020.

The targets for economic migrants, refugees, and family members were tabled in the House of Commons Wednesday afternoon.

Hussen said the new targets will bring Canada’s immigration to nearly one percent of the population by 2020, which will help offset an aging demographic. He called it a historic and responsible plan and “the most ambitious” in recent history.

“Our government believes that newcomers play a vital role in our society,” Hussen said. “Five million Canadians are set to retire by 2035 and we have fewer people working to support seniors and retirees.”

In 1971 there were 6.6 people of working age for each senior, Hussen said, but by 2012 that ratio had gone to 4.2 to 1 and projections show it will be at 2 to 1 by 2036, when almost 100 percent of population growth will be a result of immigration; it stands at about 75 percent today.

Hussen said immigration drives innovation and strengthens the economy, rejecting some claims that newcomers drain Canada’s resources and become a burden on society.

He said the government is also working to reduce backlogs and speed up the processing of applications in order to reunite families and speed up citizenship applications.

The federal government’s own Advisory Council on Economic Growth had recommended upping levels to reach 450,000 newcomers annually by 2021. Hussen said the government is taking a more gradual approach to ensure successful integration.

“At arriving at these numbers we listened very carefully to all stakeholders who told us they want to see an increase but they also want to make sure that each and every newcomer that we bring to Canada — bringing a newcomer to Canada is half of the job. We have to make sure that people are able to be given the tools that they need to succeed once they get here,” he said.

Focus on integration: Rempel

Conservative immigration critic Michelle Rempel was critical of the plan, suggesting the government needs to do a better job of integrating newcomers.

“It is not enough for this government to table the number of people that they are bringing to this country. Frankly, the Liberals need to stop using numbers of refugees, amount of money spent, feel-good tweets and photo ops for metrics of success in Canada’s immigration system.”

She said the Liberals need to bring Canada’s immigration system “back to order” by closing the loophole in the Safe Third Country Agreement that has seen migrants cross into Canada at unofficial border crossings only to claim refugee status.

She also said the immigration system should focus on helping immigrants integrate through language efficiency and through mental health support plans for people who are victims of trauma.

Dory Jade, the CEO of the Canadian Association of Professional Immigration Consultants, welcomed the news although he suggested the numbers should be higher.

“Canada will greatly prosper and grow once the 350,000 thresholds have been crossed,” he said. “Nevertheless, we are witnessing a very positive trend.”

The Canadian Council of Refugees also welcomed the news, but wanted more, saying the share for refugees was only increased slightly from 13 percent this year to 14 percent in each of the next three years.

Calls for longer-range forecast

In past, there has been a one-year figure for how many immigrants will be permitted into the country, but provinces and stakeholders have called for longer-range forecasts.

A statement from Ontario’s Immigration Minister Laura Albanese, before the announcement, said the province supports the introduction of multi-year levels plans “to provide more predictability to the immigration system and inform program planning.”

“Significant variation in year-to-year immigration levels can dramatically impact the requirement for provincial year-to-year resources. A longer term outlook would help in planning for appropriate service levels and use of resources.”

The statement said Ontario supports growth in immigration levels, particularly in economic immigration categories to support the growing economy.

Diversity drives innovation

During the government’s consultation period, the Canadian Immigrant Settlement Sector Alliance presented “Vision 2020,” what it called a “bold” three-year plan to address growing demographic shifts underway in the country, calling for increased numbers in the economic, family and refugee categories.

It recommended a target of 350,000 people in 2018, which climbs to 400,000 in 2019 and 450,000 by 2020.

Chris Friesen, the organization’s director of settlement services, said it’s time for a white paper or royal commission on immigration to develop a comprehensive approach to future immigration.

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Manitoba Invites 395 Skilled Workers to Immigrate on October 31 Draw

Manitoba Invites 395 Skilled Workers to Immigrate on October 31 Draw

Manitoba Invites 395 Skilled Workers to Immigrate on October 31 Draw

Manitoba Invites 395 Skilled Workers to Immigrate on October 31 Draw

The province of Manitoba has invited a total of 395 skilled workers to settle in the province as permanent residents in a draw that took place on October 31. These candidates, plus their family members, are now in a position to apply for immigration to Manitoba through the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP).

The MPNP is a Canadian immigration program that allows the province of Manitoba to welcome new immigrants who have the ability to establish themselves and their families in Manitoba, based on eligibility criteria set by the province.

For skilled workers, the MPNP operates an ‘Expression of Interest’ (EOI) system whereby interested persons submit a formal EOI. Once this is done, they are assigned a points total based on their personal factors. The highest-ranked candidates are then issued a Letter of Advice to Apply (LAA), which effectively acts in the same way as an invitation.

Following a successful nomination, a candidate may then apply to the federal government for permanent resident status.

In the October 31 draw, 351 candidates were issued an LAA under the criteria for the Skilled Workers in Manitoba sub-category. The ranking score of the lowest-ranked invited candidate was 577.

The remaining 44 LAAs were issued to candidates in the Skilled Workers Overseas sub-category who were invited directly by the MPNP under a Strategic Recruitment Initiative. Each of these candidates had 730 or more points.

Strategic initiatives include:

Recruitment missions. These overseas employment/immigration fairs involve MPNP representatives interviewing foreign skilled workers and subsequently inviting them to apply after they have made a formal Expression of Interest (EOI) to the MPNP.

Exploratory visits. The MPNP may invite people who have undertaken a pre-approved Exploratory Visit and passed an interview with a program official.

Candidates eligible for one of the MPNP for Skilled Workers sub-categories are ranked according to a unique points system that awards up to 1,000 points to each candidate.

October 31 MPNP EOI draw for skilled workers

Sub-category Minimum score required to receive LAA Number of invitations
Skilled Workers in Manitoba 577 351
Skilled Workers Overseas 730 44

 MPNP for Skilled Workers

The MPNP for Skilled Workers was established to help employers in Manitoba find foreign talent to complement their existing workforce. The government of Manitoba selects experienced workers who have made an Expression of Interest in immigrating to the province and who have the skills needed across the local labor market, and nominate them to receive a provincial nomination certificate from the MPNP. With this, the nominated person may then apply to the federal government for permanent resident status.

These immigration options may be particularly attractive to individuals who may not be eligible to immigrate to Canada through the federal Express Entry immigration selection system, as the eligibility requirements are different. For example, the MPNP awards points for language proficiency equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 to candidates in certain occupations, a much lower threshold than what is required under the Federal Skilled Worker Class.

MPNP Skilled Workers in Manitoba

Under this sub-category of the MPNP, applications are accepted from qualified foreign workers and international student graduates who are currently working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent job by their employer in Manitoba. Skilled Workers in Manitoba are not subject to a points-based assessment to determine their eligibility (though points are assigned to the candidate once he or she enters the pool of candidates)

MPNP Skilled Workers Overseas

This MPNP sub-category is for qualified skilled workers who may be outside Canada but who can demonstrate a strong connection to the province and its labor market. A points-based system is used to assess candidates according to factors such as age, language proficiency, work experience, education and adaptability.

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IRCC Invites Express Entry Candidates with CRS Scores as Low as 241

IRCC Invites Express Entry Candidates with CRS Scores as Low as 241

IRCC Invites Express Entry Candidates with CRS Scores as Low as 241

IRCC Invites Express Entry Candidates with CRS Scores as Low as 241

Express Entry candidates eligible under the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC), as well as candidates for an enhanced provincial nomination, were the big winners in the November 1 draws, which mirrored similar draws that took place on May 26. In the latest draws, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) invited FSTC candidates with 241 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points to apply for permanent residence. The CRS cut-off threshold for provincial nominee candidates was 673 points.

In total, 795 candidates have issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA) following the November 1 draws, 505 of whom were FSTC candidates, with the remaining 290 being candidates who have obtained a provincial nomination through one of the Express Entry-aligned Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) streams.

Today’s draw marks the second time this year IRCC has conducted program-specific draws for FSTC candidates and those with a provincial nomination. The first draw following the May 26 program-specific draws reverted to the norm, which is to say that all candidates in the pool, including Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC) candidates, were eligible for selection. That draw, which took place on May 31, saw a CRS cut-off threshold of 413 — the lowest threshold ever since Express Entry was first launched in January 2015.

With 10 draws for all programs have taken place between May 26 and November 1, it is fair to say that program-specific draws are the exception rather than the norm. However, they may benefit all candidates over time as IRCC removes a defined set of candidates from the pool. All candidates with a provincial nomination who had 673 or more CRS points — and this may very well be all provincial nominees who were in the pool the morning of November 1 — were invited. These individuals would have entered the pool of FSW, CEC, or FST candidates, and, given that FST candidates were also invited on November 1, it follows that all FSW and CEC candidates will move up in ranking as a result of the program-specific draws that took place.

With CRS cut-off thresholds and program-specific draws deviating from what we have seen over recent draws, it is helpful to review how candidates from different backgrounds have been invited to apply for permanent residence. The following scenarios are hypothetical.

Ali is 42 years old and is an industrial electrician. He has a two-year post-secondary education credential. Though he has never worked or studied in Canada, he recently obtained a Labour Market Impact Assessment-supported job offer from an employer in Canada. He has adequate intermediate English ability and six years of work experience outside of Canada. With these credentials, he has a total of 282 CRS points, and, as an FSTC candidate, obtained an ITA in the most recent draw.

Monica is 34, with a bachelor’s degree, adequate intermediate language ability, and six years of experience outside Canada as a marketing manager. Her spouse also has adequate intermediate language ability and a bachelor’s degree. Having entered the pool as an FSW candidate with 69 points under that program, Monica subsequently obtained a provincial nomination under the Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) International Skilled Worker: Express Entry sub-category. This brought her CRS points total from 309 up to 909, meaning that she and her family can apply for immigration to Canada.

Harinder, 33, is a foreign worker who has been working in IT in British Columbia for nearly two years. He has high intermediate language ability, a bachelor’s degree obtained outside Canada, and two years of work experience abroad. He has a job offer from his current employer in BC and was eligible to enter the BC Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) Skills Immigration Registration System (SIRS) as a skilled worker. When he successfully obtained a provincial nomination, his CRS score increased from 392 to 992, more than enough to obtain an ITA on November 1.

More invitations

The latest draws bring the total number of ITAs issued since January 2015 to 140,619, with most of those (75,775) having been issued in 2017.

“While the latest Express Entry draws may have taken some people by surprise — not so much in their timing, but in who was invited — it goes to show that IRCC is taking an increasingly dynamic approach to the system and how it works,” says Attorney David Cohen. “Not only that, but the government has now issued more invitations so far this year than in the two previous years put together.

“The federal government, as well as provincial counterparts, is taking the approach that the Express Entry pool is a rich source of talent, and anyone in the pool can benefit from a federal or provincial strategy to welcome particular newcomers and their families to Canada.  The upshot is that to optimize one’s chances of success, candidates first need to get in the pool.”

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