Express Entry Draw Invites Candidates with 435

Express Entry Draw Invites Candidates with 435

Express Entry Draw Invites Candidates with 435

Express Entry Draw Invites Candidates with 435

Competitors in the Express Entry pool for movement to Canada with at least 435 Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) indicates were issued an Invitation Apply (ITA) for Canadian lasting living arrangement in the most recent draw from the pool, which occurred on September 6.

An aggregate of 2,772 hopefuls was welcomed this time around, bringing the aggregate number of ITAs issued so far this year to 66,549, much more than were issued in the entire of a year ago. The greater part of all ITAs issued since Express Entry was first propelled in January 2015 has been issued in 2017.

Welcomed hopefuls have 90 days to present an entire application for changeless habitation, including supporting documentation. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) expects to finish the handling of uses inside a half year.

The CRS cut-off edge of 435 for the September 6 attract is comprehensively lined with late draws, which have had a tendency to have edges around the mid-430s. Prior this midyear, and following upgrades made to the CRS toward the beginning of June, the limits were marginally higher at 449, 440, and 441, individually, in the initial three draws promptly following those progressions.

In spite of the fact that the limit has not changed significantly finished the three latest draws, it might be noticed that the quantity of ITAs issued has diminished somewhat. On the off chance that or when IRCC starts to welcome more possibility to apply for the changeless home, the limit may then lessening once more. The most minimal ever limit of any draw so far was 413, on May 31, 2017. This was the last attract to occur before the progressions to the CRS were executed toward the beginning of June.

The most effective method to enter the Express Entry pool

Not every person may enter the Express Entry pool. To begin with, people should be qualified under one of Canada’s government monetary migration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), or the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC).

“Before you can contend with others in the Express Entry pool for a pinned for a welcome to apply, it is imperative to get a careful appraisal of your qualification and your potential alternatives for development from that point,” says Attorney David Cohen. “At that point, it is imperative to get ready documentation with the goal that when you are welcomed, you are prepared.”

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IRCC inviting more Applications under Parent and Grandparent Program

IRCC inviting more Applications under Parent and Grandparent Program

IRCC inviting more Applications under Parent and Grandparent Program

IRCC inviting more Applications under Parent and Grandparent Program

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will invite more sponsors of foreign parents and grandparents to submit an application under the Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP).

The upcoming round of invitations, which will begin on September 6 and continue over a few days, is the second round to take place in 2017. Potential sponsors who were not invited to apply in the first round, which took place in April, now have a second chance of being invited to apply.

The upcoming invitation round will be restricted to potential sponsors who submitted an Expression of Interest through the PGP ‘Interest to Sponsor’ form in early 2017, but who have not yet been invited to apply. Invited sponsors will have to submit their application by December 8 in order for it to be accepted.

Individuals who were invited in the first round, but who did not submit an application by the August 4 deadline, will not be invited in the upcoming round, nor will individuals who did not submit a form in early 2017.

However, IRCC also confirmed that registration to enter the PGP ‘Interest to Sponsor’ pool of potential sponsors will reopen in early 2018, allowing more potential sponsors to plan on bringing their parent(s) or grandparent(s) to Canada as permanent residents.

Sponsors must be Canadian citizens or permanent residents and must meet certain minimum income criteria.

Meeting 2017’s target

The government of Canada’s Immigration Levels Plan for 2017 sets a target to bring in 20,000 new permanent residents under the PGP this year. The government planned on bringing to a completion some of the applications remaining in a backlog, while also inviting new applications.

The ‘Interest to Sponsor’ method is a new initiative, brought in last winter to move the program from a first-come, first-served model to an invitation-based model, whereby potential applicants must first formally register their interest in applying.

In April, 10,000 potential applicants were chosen at random from the pool of registrants. However, when the 90-day deadline to apply elapsed, IRCC had not received 10,000 complete applications. Therefore, and in order to achieve its annual target, IRCC is conducting this second round of invitations.

IRCC advises individuals who may be invited to check their email, including the ‘junk’ folder, next week while invitations are being issued. Only those who are invited will be contacted.

More opportunity in 2018

Though the upcoming invitation round will be restricted to those who have already submitted an Expression of Interest, IRCC has confirmed that more potential sponsors will be able to submit a form in early  2018.

Under the current criteria, PGP sponsors must meet the following requirements:

Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident;

Be 18 years of age or older;

Meet the minimum necessary income level by submitting notices of assessment issued by the Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) in support of their sponsorship. Sponsors must also demonstrate they have met the minimum necessary income level for three consecutive years (the requirements for sponsors residing in the province of Quebec are slightly different). If married or in a common-law relationship, the income of both persons may be included; and

The sponsor must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits him or her to provide financial support for the sponsored person(s).

At this time, it remains unknown whether these criteria will remain the same for the 2018 version of the PGP.

Super Visa

The PGP is not the only option for bringing parents and grandparents to Canada. The Super Visa is a multiple-entry visa that allows parents and grandparents to enter Canada as long-term visitors. Super Visa holders may stay in Canada for up to two years on initial entry, and the visa is valid for up to 10 years.

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Essential skills work visa changes

Essential skills work visa changes

Essential skills work visa changes

Essential skills work visa changes

As outlined in our previous article, Essential Skills Work Visa Changes, Immigration New Zealand (INZ) has introduced remuneration bands to determine the skill level of applicants, which is material to the type and length of work visa issued.  Refer to the previous article for detail about the changes.

The main risk that employers and their employees face in relation to this particular assessment is how the hourly rate in question is actually calculated by INZ.

As covered in our related article under the Skilled Migrant Category (SMC) changes, it is important for employers and employees alike to have a greater understanding of how INZ will be calculating the remuneration level to determine whether or not a person would be able to secure a work visa that is:

  • Higher–skilled ($35.24 per hour) up to 5-year visa term;
  • Mid-skilled ($19.97 to $35.24 per hour) up to 3-year visa term; or
  • Lower-skilled (less than $19.97 per hour) up to 12-month visa term (limited to the maximum of 3 years).

Generally speaking, if the employment agreement specifies payment by salary, the payment per hour is calculated by dividing the annual salary by 52 weeks, followed by the number of hours that will be worked each week.  Importantly, however, if the employment agreement specifies payment other than by hour (including payment of salary) and the hours of work are “variable”, the immigration officer may request evidence of the range of hours to be worked to determine whether the variance in hours worked would result in the per-hour rate of pay being below the applicable remuneration threshold.

Hours of work per week will be considered “variable” if the employment agreement contains a provision allowing the employer to request or require the employee to work additional hours from time to time.  Where this is determined to be the case, or where the agreement otherwise specifies a range of hours, the maximum hours will be used to calculate whether the relevant payment threshold is met.

As most employers will understand, this has quite significant and far-reaching consequences for salaried employees and other employees where hours vary from time to time, rather than being completely fixed. We do not think INZ has considered this carefully. It is easy to imagine a professional service employee being engaged to work a standard 37.5 hours per week, but those hours would vary from 37.5 hours per week to 60 + hours per week based on workloads.  If the maximum variable hours of employment are taken, it would not take a substantial variation for the hourly rate to fall below the required threshold.

While INZ has subsequently clarified this part of the policy by advising that they are “not interested in going after” employers whose salaried staff work over contracted hours on occasion to complete urgent work (like lawyers for example), and they will disregard “sporadic increases in hours”, it is difficult to determine where the line will be drawn as the policy does not make that allowance.  They have advised that they will want to know a range of hours “normally” expected for an employee, although for many busy professionals working 60+ hours per week would be common place.

It may well be that employment agreements and terms of employment need to be adjusted to align with this policy issue to avoid migrant employees being prejudiced by this application of policy.  It is important that employers are now aware of this particular issue, especially with existing employees who are already on employment agreements which may attract this unfortunate application of remuneration determination when they apply for an extension of their current work visa.

Apart from the hourly rate calculation, what else do INZ include and exclude from this calculation?

For the purposes of calculating an applicant’s remuneration over and above wage/salary, this includes:

  • The agreed value of any reasonable deduction from the applicant’s salary from wages for goods or services; and
  • In the case of accommodation provided in connection with the employment:
  • The agreed value of any reasonable deduction of the applicant’s salary or wages for that accommodation; or
  • If accommodation is provided by the employer, and there is no deduction from the applicant’s salary or wages for that accommodation, the market rental value of the accommodation provided; or
  • If an accommodation allowance is provided, the amount of that allowance.

In relation to remuneration that is excluded, this is simply referenced as “other employment-related allowances”, for example, tool or uniform allowances, and importantly, bonuses which are dependent upon performance.  The latter is very important to note as we suspect a fair number of employers may be caught out by this particular policy requirement.  It may well be, in due course, that such bonus arrangements are negated in favor of a higher hourly rate and KPI’s around that performance to assist employers to manage employee output.

A second important point to note is that subsequent visas will be issued based at the same skill level when an assessment has been undertaken in relation to the skill level of the employment prior to 28 August 2017.  In essence, if an applicant holds a work visa to be employed as a Retail Manager, the next assessment application will involve a thorough review of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO) for a Retail Manager; therefore a determination may be made that the person’s employment is more in line with the ANZSCO for a “Retail Supervisor” rather than a “Retail Manager”.

All existing work visa applicants and their employers, therefore, need to be aware, that a thorough assessment and possible re-categorization of ANZSCO level applying to existing work visa holders will be applied in the future.  This poses the significant risk to employees who hold visas which appear to be at a certain ANZSCO level allowing them to qualify for residency, whereas their next assessment (either under a visa extension or SMC application) may well be recalibrated in line with the more stricter skilled employment policy that is now being applied.

Whilst it seems on the face of it fairly straight forward to analyse an employee’s position in terms of the ANZSCO that applies and their rate of remuneration, it is material for employers and their migrant employees to note that there is now a significant recalibration of the skill assessment coming, and how the remuneration rates are actually calculated in practice.

We anticipate there will be significant resistance and ANZSCO re-calibration from INZ on claimed skill level, and many employees and employers will face difficulty obtaining temporary visas where the INZ hourly wage calculation differs from what is generally anticipated by the employer and employee concerned for the reasons specified above.

We are bracing ourselves for a flood of new instructions from employees and their employers who will no doubt encounter resistance from INZ in relation to securing temporary work visas under the existing policy, who up until now, may have believed the policy is quite streamlined and simple based on the title of the role and the rate of pay the person seems to be receiving.

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