Quebec to Welcome a Diverse Range of Immigrants in 2018

Quebec to Welcome a Diverse Range of Immigrants in 2018

Quebec to Welcome a Diverse Range of Immigrants in 2018

Quebec to Welcome a Diverse Range of Immigrants in 2018

The Canadian province of Quebec has released its Immigration Plan for 2018, with strategies in place to continue welcoming a wide range of skilled workers, businesspeople, family members of Quebec residents, and refugees.

This plan is scheduled to be implemented during a period of transition for Quebec, during which the province intends to formulate a new immigration system based what it calls a ‘declaration of interest’ model, much like the federal government’s Express Entry system, which Quebec does not participate in. It is not yet known when this system might be rolled out, or exactly how it may function.

Two important sets of figures are revealed in the plan: the target number of people to be selected by Quebec and issued a Quebec Selection Certificate, and the target number of people to be admitted to Quebec as new permanent residents.

The CSQ is a document issued by Quebec declaring that the holder has been selected to settle in Quebec based on criteria set by the province. With a CSQ, the applicant can submit an application for Canadian permanent residence to the federal immigration authorities, which will review the application on medical and criminal admissibility grounds.

Quebec plans to issue up to 29,000 certificates under its skilled worker programs next year; this includes certificates issued under what the province calls the Regular Skilled Worker Program, as well as certificates issued under the Quebec Experience Program.

The Regular Skilled Worker Program is a points-based program, designed to welcome newcomers who satisfy a points threshold based on human capital factors, including: area of training, work experience, age, language proficiency in French and/or English, prior relationship with Quebec (through visits or family), and the human capital factors of the applicant’s spouse or common-law partner (if applicable). Potential applicants should note that although French proficiency is among the factors, it is not an eligibility requirement for the program. Individuals who have little or no knowledge of French, but who have strong credentials in other areas, may be eligible to apply. However, one of the stated goals contained in Quebec’s Immigration Plan for 2018 is for at least 85 percent of adult skilled worker newcomers to know French upon admission to the province.

Potential applicants must accrue enough points for these factors before then satisfying a second points threshold, where points may be awarded for any accompanying dependent children and proof of financial self-sufficiency.

Earlier this year, Quebec announced in the Gazette Officially du Quebec, which lists all the legislative and regulatory decisions taken by the government of Quebec, that the Regular Skilled Worker Program would receive up to 5,000 new applications during an intake period scheduled to occur before March 31, 2018. The exact dates for the upcoming intake period are yet to be announced. Moreover, some temporary residents in Quebec, as well as some individuals with a validated job offer, may be eligible to apply for a CSQ at any time.

The PEQ is a separate program, designed to help foreign workers and international students in the province settle permanently. PEQ applicants are required to prove advanced-intermediate French ability. Certificates issued to PEQ applicants are fast-tracked, with applicants often receiving a decision on their CSQ application within weeks of applying.

Quebec also offers a wide range of business immigration programs for investors, entrepreneurs, and self-employed individuals. The province expects to issue between 4,000 and 6,000 certificates to business applicants in 2018. The Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP) is particularly popular, as it offers a passive investment opportunity, guaranteed by a Quebec government entity.

Number of people to be selected by Quebec

Category/program Minimum Maximum
Skilled Worker 26,000 29,000
Business 4,000 6,000
Other Economic* 600 800
Refugees** 5,600 6,500
Others*** 500 700
Total 36,700 43,000

Number of people to be admitted to Quebec

The following table shows the target numbers of new permanent residents to be admitted to Quebec. This may include individuals who obtained a CSQ prior to 2018.

Category/program Minimum Maximum
Economic immigration 29,200 30,600
Skilled worker 24,300 25,300
Business 4,200 4,500
Other economic* 700 800
Family reunification 11,900 12,800
Refugees and people in similar situations 8,700 9,500
Refugees selected abroad 6,100 6,500
Taken in charge by the state 1,650 1,700
Sponsored 4,400 4,800
Recognized locally 2,600 3,000
Others*** 800 900
Total 50,700 53,900

*Includes caregivers and other economic class immigrants.

**Includes, in particular, state-assisted refugees and sponsored refugees.

***Includes various selected for humanitarian or public interest reasons.

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Find Out How Quebec Skilled Worker Programme works

Find Out How Quebec Skilled Worker Programme works

Find Out How Quebec Skilled Worker Programme works

Find Out How Quebec Skilled Worker Programme works

The Quebec Skilled Worker Programme (QSWP) is a very popular Provincial Nominee Programmes (PNP) of Canada. It enables individuals across the world to reside and do a job in the region through their opening stay and contribute to its economic growth, together with the expansion of the local Quebec labor market.

It is fairly like the Federal Skilled Worker Programme. But, the selection requirements are not closely identical. Unlike other provinces of the nation, Quebec Immigration has the power to establish laws and rules regulating immigration to the province.

The province is the largest in the Maple Leaf Country and located in its east-central zone even while it is the only province in the nation where the French language is employed primarily. The region has advanced open economy and is placed at the 37th spot, in terms of economy in the world, just next to Greece and 28th for the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The province is a hub of pioneering businesses, comprising information technologies, aerospace, and software and multimedia even as it is a top high-tech player in the whole North American region. Nearly 7,300 businesses are functioning employing over 145,000 persons.

The province has plans to make 115,000 new employment opportunities in knowledge and innovation segments by 2017 and so it invites immigrants to make good contributions to its economy.

Coming back to the Quebec Skilled Worker Programme, it gives people & families the chance to submit a petition to a plan that still runs on a first-come, first-served basis, as against the ‘Expression of Interest’ systems that have become pretty common throughout several other Canadian provinces, as well as at the federal stage.

The candidates first submit an application to the administration of Quebec for a Quebec Selection Certificate, prior to presenting a petition to the federal administration for the Permanent Residence standing in the nation. While the province evaluates the application based on the different requirements decided by the province, the federal administration evaluates it for the different admissibility factors.

Quebec Skilled Worker Programme–How It Functions

For the latest application cycle, the aspirants, eager to present a petition for a CSQ via the QSWP, did so through the online management structure Mon project Quebec. While making an account, people had to key-in their personal details associated with their civil standing, job background, education background, family, and preceding trips to the province, in case applicable, and also additional personal particulars. The incumbent Quebec administration has reportedly not made public if the upcoming application cycle will diverge from the procedure.

The QSWP is basically a points-based immigration scheme, whereby points can be given for a person’s specific area of training, job experience, age, language skills in French and/or English, prior association with Quebec (via either trips or family), the human capital factors of the candidate’s partner or common-law partner (in case pertinent).

It is necessary that the possible candidates accumulate sufficient points for these factors prior to then catering to a second Points Threshold, where points could be doled-out for any escorting dependent kids & evidence of financial independence.

Even as there is no need whatsoever of an employment offer for the QSWP, extra points could be offered for an authenticated employment offer in the region.

If you are a would-be candidate, you need to also note that you could be given points for French expertise, despite the fact that the same is not an eligibility condition for the scheme. Those who do not have knowledge of French, but who have rather solid credentials in other regions, could have the eligibility to submit an application to the QSWP.

Quebec Skilled Worker Programme–Key Requirements

  • Among others, you need to fulfill these requirements:
  • You must intend to settle in the province with the target of doing a job there.
  • You must have not less than 1 diploma from a secondary education establishment or a diploma from Vocational Studies.
  • You must be armed with the appropriate training and occupational skills that will ease your integration into the local job market of the province.
  • A corroborated employment offer in Quebec is crucial, it is not compulsory in case you have experience in a particular area of training (Immigration Quebec) provided you meet the needed points from the various selection features.
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Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

The share of Canada’s growing population made up of immigrants has risen to 21.9 percent, up from 20.6 percent in 2011, and the majority of recent immigrants arrived through an economic immigration program.

These are just a couple of the many insights published by StatsCan, based on data gathered in last year’s census. The immigrant population is defined as persons who are, or who have been, permanent residents in Canada. Immigrants who then went on to obtain Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

You have to go back to 1921 to find the last time the share of Canada’s population made up of immigrants was this high. Back then, just under two million immigrants represented 22.3 percent of the overall population.

Today, 7.5 million immigrants are spread across the country — and despite the fact that Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal still attract more than half, more immigrants are choosing to settle in the Prairie provinces and Atlantic Canada. Government projections show that Canada’s immigrant population may reach as high as 30 percent by 2036.

Immigrants’ backgrounds have also shifted over time. Whereas decades ago the main sources of newcomers to Canada were Europe and the United States, the latest figures reveal that 61.8 percent were born in Asia (including the Middle East). No fewer than seven of the top 10 source countries of new immigrants were Asian: the Philippines, India, China, Iran, Pakistan, Syria, and South Korea.

For the first time ever, Africa (13.4 percent) ranks ahead of Europe (11.6 percent) as a source continent. Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, and Cameroon made up the top five African source countries, while the United Kingdom and France provided the largest European sources. Newcomers from the Americas and Oceania represented 12.6 percent and 0.7 percent, respectively.

The census also shows that more than three-in-five immigrants (60.3 percent) who arrived between 2011 and 2016 were admitted to an economic program. A further 26.8 percent arrived under the Family Class having been sponsored by a close relative, spouse, or common-law partner, and 11.6 percent were refugees. Around a quarter of all immigrants admitted in the first five months of 2016 were refugees, far higher than the general trend due to the government’s effort to quickly resettle displaced Syrians.

Economic arrivals are welcomed because they have the proven capability to settle into the Canadian labour market. Canada’s internationally-praised economic immigration system has undergone an overhaul during the period since previous figures like these were last released in the National Household Survey of 2011. In January, 2015, Canada’s main economic immigration programs moved from a first-come, first-served model to the Express Entry system, which allows the government to invite eligible candidates to apply for permanent residence on a priority basis. With Express Entry, Canada can bring in more of the world’s best and brightest, while also managing the supply of applications, thereby reducing processing times to less than six months in most cases.

Express Entry has proven to be a successful system, with nearly 140,000 Invitations to Apply having been issued at the time of writing. The majority of invitations have been issued this year, as Express Entry becomes the main driver of economic immigration to Canada. The Comprehensive Ranking System used to rank Express Entry candidates rewards individuals with work or study experience in Canada, meaning that Canada is able to welcome large numbers of immigrants from both outside and inside the country.

As more immigrants settle, communities across Canada are benefiting from their energy, expertise, and skills. Traditionally, most newcomers to Canada settle in one of the three largest cities: Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. This remains the case. In 2016, immigrants made up 46.1 percent of Toronto’s population, 23.4 percent of Montreal’s, and 40.8 percent of Vancouver’s.

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

However, cities and communities in the Prairie provinces (a regional term that includes Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba) are receiving higher proportions of the overall number of newcomers than before. For example, Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba, attracted 4.3 percent of immigrants between 2011 and 2016, around double the overall share of the Canadian population that lives in that city.

Other cities in the Prairie provinces that have witnessed an increase in immigration settlement include Regina and Saskatoon in Saskatchewan, as well as Calgary and Edmonton in Alberta. Immigrants are increasingly attracted to these destinations for the employment opportunities and high living standard, among other factors.

Another region on the rise in Atlantic Canada, made up of the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). Together, Atlantic Canada accounts for 2.3 percent of recent immigrants to Canada, as each Atlantic province has received larger numbers of new immigrants than before.

According to the government, the way in which some provinces and territories use their Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is one of the several factors that can explain changes in the geographic distribution of newcomers to Canada. More than half of new immigrants living in PEI, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Yukon were admitted through a PNP. Nationally, 16.4 percent of all recent immigrants — or 27.3 percent of economic migrants — arrived through a PNP.

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Immigrants make up 21.9% of Canada’s Population

Though Ontario remains the most popular province for recent immigrants, with 39 percent of them residing there, this figure is down from 55.9 percent as recently as 2001. It should be noted that overall immigration levels have increased over this period, and so rather than it being a case of fewer immigrants residing in Ontario, it is more a case of an increasing number of newcomers choosing other destinations. Indeed, despite the fact the overall share of recent immigrants choosing Ontario has decreased so far this century, the real number of immigrants living in that province has actually increased from just over three million to nearly four million.

The next most popular destination province for recent immigrants is Quebec (17.8 percent, up from 13.7 percent in 2001), while British Columbia received 14.5 percent, down from 19.9 percent in 2001.

“With two-in-five residents of Canada now coming from an immigrant background, either as a first- or second-generation immigrant, Canada’s success as a multicultural nation serves as a reminder to the world that there is another way to do things — a way that eschews ethno-nationalism in favour of openness and growth,” says Attorney David Cohen.

“I am particularly pleased to see that some of the traditionally more underpopulated regions, such as the Prairies and Atlantic Canada, are receiving a larger share of newcomers over recent years. This will benefit those newcomers, as well the communities they reside in. With larger communities, economies of scale should help to increase living standards across the board.

“For individuals and families wishing to make Canada their home, the projected increase in the overall immigrant population over the next two decades shows that this dream has every chance of becoming a reality. The first step should be to evaluate all your options under the currently available programs, and proceed from there.”

Pathway to citizenship

Immigrants to Canada have the opportunity to eventually become Canadian citizens. Indeed, recent changes to the Citizenship Act make it quicker and easier for permanent residents to transition to citizenship. To find out if or when you may be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship, use the exclusive Canadian Citizenship Eligibility Calculator.

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