The basic structure of Swedish higher education.

Swedish universities offer bachelors, masters and Ph.D. degrees in accordance with the European standard.

Degree programmers in Sweden

Swedish universities offer degree programmers according to the European standard. This includes bachelor’s, masters and PhD programmers.

Bachelor’s programmers, also known as undergraduate programmers, take place after upper secondary school (high school) and are usually three years long (180 ECTS credits).

Master’s programmers, also known as graduate programmers, build upon the knowledge developed during bachelors-level studies and can be one or two years long (60 or 120 ECTS credits).

Ph.D. programmers, also known as doctoral programmers, are research degrees involving several years of work toward a dissertation. The duration and setup of Ph.D. programmers in Sweden vary between universities; see Ph.D. programmers for more details.

Programmers and courses: what’s the difference?

A degree programmer at a Swedish university is made up of a number of courses in a particular field of study leading to a specific degree. Courses, sometimes known as modules in other countries, are the building blocks of each programmer. Each semester, programmer students follow one large course or several smaller courses.

Instead of applying for a full degree programmer, it’s also possible to apply for admission to some courses directly. When you apply for and enroll on a course rather than a programmer, you are only registered for that specific course. When you apply for and enroll on a programmer, you will then register for many courses over the duration of your programmer.


  • You enroll on a two-year master’s programmer made up of four semesters of study. During each semester, you take four courses for 7.5 ECTS credits each, for a total of 120 ECTS credits for the programmer.
  • You enroll on a one-year master’s programmer made up of two semesters of study. During each semester, you take one course for 30 ECTS credits, for a total of 60 ECTS credits for the programmed.
  • You enroll in a 30-credit course in a subject you’re interested in. You take only that specific course and must turn in a new application if you wish to take additional courses.

Degree programmers usually contain a mix of compulsory, recommended and optional courses.

Academic calendar

The Swedish academic year is divided into two semesters:

  • Autumn semester begins at the end of August and lasts until mid-January, usually with a short break at the end of December.
  • Spring semester runs from mid-January to the beginning of June.

Course structure

Full-time studies in Sweden correspond approximately to a 40-hour week, though you may only have a few hours of lectures or seminars each week. The rest of your time is spent reading and working on group projects and other assignments.

You’ll often take only one course at a time for a period of several weeks, after which an examination is given directly. After the examination, a new course begins. For instance, during a 20-week semester, you might take four courses in a row for five weeks each. In some programmes, you might instead take several courses at the same time, with an examination at the end of the semester.

The structure of individual courses varies with the subject area. Technical programmers often include a high proportion of classroom and lab hours, whilst courses in the social sciences may involve fewer classroom hours and more independent and group work.

Lectures and examinations

Courses usually include various types of meetings, including lectures, seminars and laboratory sessions with varying group sizes. Seminar groups can be as small as a few students whilst lectures can be up to a few hundred. The aim is to develop critical thinking and collaborative skills, and students are expected to be active participants in all forms of meetings. Required reading and independent work is usually extensive, regardless of your field of study, and students are expected to come well-prepared to class.

Examinations usually take the form of written or oral tests, laboratory work, group work or special projects. Most programmers conclude with a degree thesis or project.

University or University College?

Two slightly different terms are used in Sweden to describe institutions of higher education: university and University College. The main difference is that universities have the right to award PhD degrees while many university colleges don’t. However, some university colleges do offer PhDs.

There is no difference in the bachelor’s or master’s degrees offered by universities and university colleges, and many university colleges are called ‘university’ in English. As an international student, your experience will be similar regardless of whether you choose to study at a university or university college.

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Alberta announces higher nomination intake for 2018

Alberta announces higher nomination intake for 2018

Alberta announces higher nomination intake for 2018

Alberta announces higher nomination intake for 2018

Two new immigration streams expected this year, including one aligned with Express Entry

Alberta has announced that its maximum Provincial Nominee Program allotment for 2018 is 5,600 nominations.

The 2018 maximum represents an increase of 100 nominations over the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)’s 2017 allotment of 5,500.

Alberta was expected to receive a slightly higher allotment in 2018 as a result of the federal government’s multi-year immigration plan, which was announced November 1, 2017. The federal plan includes an increased Provincial Nominee Program target of 55,000 for 2018, up eight percent over 2017’s target of 51,000.

New streams due in 2018

The AINP is currently divided into three immigration streams, the Strategic Recruitment Stream, Employer-Driven Stream and the Self-Employed Farmer Stream.

In 2018, the Strategic Recruitment Stream and the Employer-Driven Stream and their sub-categories are due to be condensed into one stream, the Alberta Opportunity Stream.

Alberta is also expected to introduce a second stream aligned with the federal Express Entry pool in 2018, but the criteria for this stream have yet to be made public.

The Alberta Express Entry Stream will allow the AINP to nominate  a limited number of candidates in Express Entry pool, which includes candidates from the federal government’s three economic immigration classes — the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

According to the AINP, the following 10 National Occupational Classification codes make up more than half of applications for provincial nomination certificates.

  1. 6311 – Food Service Supervisors
  2. 6211 – Retail Sales Supervisors
  3. 7511 – Transport Truck Drivers
  4. 6315 – Cleaning Supervisors
  5. 7284 – Plasterers, Drywall Installers and Finishers and Lathers
  6. 1241 – Administrative assistants
  7. 0631 – Restaurant and Food Services Managers
  8. 0621 – Retail and Wholesale Trade Managers
  9. 6421 – Retail Salespersons
  10. 1221 – Administrative Officers
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Australian immigration transforms in 2018 with TSS Visa

Australian immigration transforms in 2018 with TSS Visa, revised job lists, obligatory interim PR visas

Australian immigration transforms in 2018 with TSS Visa

Australian immigration transforms in 2018 with TSS Visa

Australian immigration will transform in 2018 with TSS Visa, revised job lists, obligatory interim PR visas, new Provisional Parent Sponsor visa and changes to Partner visas.

TSS Visa will replace the 457 visas

In March 2018 the 457 visas will be replaced by the fresh Provisional Skill Shortage Visa – TSS Visa. It will comprise of two streams. Short term stream allowing 2 years stay and Medium-term stream permitting 4 years of stay. The Short-term stream can be renewed only once. STSOL list for occupations will be applicable to its applicants.

Medium-term stream permits renewal of TSS visa. It has provision for applying to Australia PR after 3 years stay in the nation.

Occupations lists will be changed

STSOL list applicable for Provisional and Short term visas will be revised. Some of the occupations that may be eliminated are Building Associate, Recruitment Consultant, Beauty Salon Manager, and Hospitality Manager.

It is also possible that some occupations will be added to the list such as Real Estate Agent, Psychotherapist, Real Estate Representative, Property Manager, and University Tutor. Airline Pilots will be added to the list by offering them 2-year visas initially.

Obligatory interim visas for Australia PR applicants

The government of Australia is working on introducing obligatory interim visas for Australia PR applicants. Through this applicant of PR will be asked to reside in Australia for a specific time before they obtain PR.

It is also being planned to decrease the number of visas for Australia to 10 from the current 99. This will be a major transformation in Australia immigration, as quoted by the SBS.

Provisional Parent Sponsor Visa

It was announced by the Government in its budget for 2017-18 that a new Provisional Parent Sponsor Visa will be offered from 2017 November. This visa will permit extended stay for parents of immigrants. But it has been delayed and is likely to be available from this year after approval from Senate which is overdue.

Partner Visas will be changed

The Migration Amendment Bill 2016 – Family Violence and Other Measures is pending in the Senate for its approval. Upon approval, the criterions for sponsoring partner visas will be made stringent. These must be satisfied before lodging the application for Partner Visa.

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