Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

Latest Manitoba draw issues 254 invitations to apply for provincial nomination

A total of 254 skilled workers were invited to Dec.13 through the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream and Skilled Worker Overseas Stream under the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP).

The province invited 209 candidates in the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream to apply, with the lowest ranked candidate invited at a score of 375. Another 45 skilled workers were invited through the Skilled Worker Overseas Stream, more specifically under the Strategic Recruitment Initiative.

The MPNP conducts draws based on an Expression of Interest (EOI) system. This means potential candidates submit an EOI to the province and their profiles are assigned a score based on the answers provided. The highest scoring candidates from the EOI pool receive a Letter of Advice to Apply (LAA), and are in a position to submit an application for a nomination by the province of Manitoba.

Interested in finding out if you are eligible for the MPNP, or another Canadian immigration program? Fill out our free online assessment.

Both skilled workers in Manitoba and overseas candidates who received an LAA in this latest draw, and whose application for a provincial nomination is approved, may then apply to the federal government for Canadian permanent resident status.

The Government of Manitoba announced a number of changes to the MPNP on November 15, some of which came into effect immediately. Other changes are being rolled out in 2018.

One of the changes that came into effect on November 15 was the introduction of an in-demand occupations list, which will allow the MPNP to select skilled workers that are expected to meet the province’s current labour market needs.

December 13 MPNP EOI draws for skilled workers

Sub-category Minimum score required to receive LAA Number of invitations
Skilled Workers in Manitoba 375 209
Skilled Workers Overseas 675 45

MPNP for Skilled Workers

The MPNP for Skilled Workers was established to help employers in Manitoba find foreign talent to complement their existing workforce. The government of Manitoba selects experienced workers who have made an Expression of Interest in immigrating to the province and who have the skills needed across the local labour market, and nominate them to receive a provincial nomination certificate from the MPNP. With this, the nominated person may then apply to the federal government for permanent resident status.

These immigration options may be particularly attractive to individuals who may not be eligible to immigrate to Canada through the federal Express Entry immigration selection system, as the eligibility requirements are different. For example, the MPNP awards points for language proficiency equivalent to Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 4 to candidates in certain occupations, a much lower threshold than what is required under the Federal Skilled Worker Class.

MPNP Skilled Workers in Manitoba

Under this sub-category of the MPNP, applications are accepted from qualified foreign workers and international student graduates who are currently working in Manitoba and have been offered a permanent job by their employer in Manitoba. Skilled Workers in Manitoba are not subject to a points-based assessment to determine their eligibility (though points are assigned to the candidate once he or she enters the pool of candidates)

MPNP Skilled Workers Overseas

This MPNP sub-category is for qualified skilled workers who may be outside Canada but who can demonstrate a strong connection to the province and its labour market. A points-based system is used to assess candidates according to factors such as age, language proficiency, work experience, education and adaptability.

Manitoba Profile

Population: 1.3 million

Capital and largest city: Winnipeg

Location: Manitoba is located in Central Canada and is considered one of the three “Prairie” provinces. Ontario lies to the east, with Saskatchewan sharing the western border. The US states of Minnesota and North Dakota are to the south, and the sparsely-populated north of the province has a long coastline on Hudson Bay leading to a border with the territory of Nunavut.

Economy: Manitoba’s principle industries are mining, manufacturing, and agriculture. Traditionally farming has been a major occupation for Manitobans, and the rich farmlands in southern Manitoba produce wheat, barley, oats, sunflower, flax and canola crops, as well as dairy and livestock farms. From this agricultural base a considerable food processing industry has emerged. In addition, Manitoba is home to considerable manufacturing, aerospace and transportation industries. Winnipeg has a sizable financial and insurance industry, as well as government administration and services.

Climate: Manitoba is far from the moderating influences of mountain ranges or large bodies of water. Moreover, given its size, it experiences great variations in temperature. In Southern Manitoba, where the vast majority of the population resides, cold, snowy winters are the norm. Summers are typically hot and dry, with short transitional seasons ensuring that residents get a full four-season experience.

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Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia, but they have chain migration too

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Sessions wants immigration like Canada or Australia

Attorney General Jeff Sessions called Tuesday for the end of chain migration in the U.S. and a merit-based system that more closely resembles that of Canada and Australia.

But although those countries admit a much smaller share of their immigrants under chain migration – more commonly known as family-based migration – they have not eliminated the program altogether. And while some critics of family migration want to end the program in the U.S. altogether and admit immigrants’ immediate family members only under existing employment-based categories, others say getting rid of the program altogether would have detrimental effects not only on immigrants, but on the country.

Family-sponsored immigration came under renewed scrutiny following the attempted terrorist attack in New York City on Monday. The suspect came to the U.S. from Bangladesh in 2011 on a visa for children of siblings of U.S. citizens, according to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). President Donald Trump called for Congress to end chain migration after the attack, and Sessions echoed those calls in a speech Tuesday morning.

“The President has also proposed ending chain migration and switching to a merit-based system like they have in Canada and Australia,” Sessions said. “That means welcoming the best and the brightest and turning away not only terrorists, but gang members and criminals.”

About two-thirds of U.S. immigrants are admitted through family-sponsored immigration every year: 679,000 out of 1.05 million in 2015, according to DHS. In Canada, about 28 percent of immigrants admitted in 2017 were coming to join family, and in Australia it was 31 percent in 2016-17. (In the U.S. and in Canada, family-sponsored migration is actually higher than those figures because immigrants admitted under merit-based policies also bring their spouses and dependent children, who in those cases don’t count as being family-sponsored.)

Most immigrants admitted to the U.S. as family members are spouses or minor children, according to DHS’s 2015 figures, which are the most recent available.

Admissions based mainly on employment skills accounted for 58 percent of immigrants in Canada in 2017, 67 percent in Australia in 2016-17 and about 14 percent in the U.S. in 2015 — although Canada’s and Australia’s systems are point-based and quite different from what’s used in the United States. In both countries, an applicant needs a minimum number of points, which are awarded based on factors such as work experience, educational background, language proficiency and age.

However, family-based migration in those countries is not point-based and works much as it does in the United States, according to Doris Meissner, director of U.S. immigration policy program at the Migration Policy Institute.

Ira Mehlman, spokesman for Federation for American Immigration Reform, an organization seeking to reduce legal immigration to the U.S., said he doesn’t think it’s enough to place more limits on family-sponsored migration to the U.S. It needs to be eliminated.

“No one is advocating that those who get in under a merit-based system shouldn’t be able to bring their immediate family,” Mehlman said. “But there’s no identifiable public interest served by chain migration, and it affects people already in this country – in our tax system, our classrooms and our economic opportunities. You may get some people who benefit the country in that pool, but that’s by luck. It should be by design.”

Critics such as Mehlman use the term chain migration due to what they characterize as a chain reaction – if the brother of a citizen gets in under that category, he can bring his wife, who can bring her sister, and so on.

“In any other area of the law, we would call it nepotism and outlaw it,” Mehlman added.

Meissner, who was commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service for nearly a decade, said she would support a U.S. system with a more even balance between family-based and economic-based immigration. But the family-based system in the U.S. has been beneficial not just for the immigrants themselves, but for the U.S. generally, and it costs less than integration services provided in Canada or Australia, she argued.

Family migration “gives a landing platform for successful immigration,” Meissner said, and among other things provides a natural social safety net for those arriving. “There’s entrepreneurial spirit that works closely within immigrant families — think of all the family-owned stores, especially in New York City, where families are all part of the payroll and are sharing the wages and burden.”

Systems for integrating immigrants into countries such as Canada and Australia make immigration more expensive than in the U.S., according to Meissner. Allowing families to migrate together or to join established family members gives them an easier path to assimilation at little to no taxpayer cost.

The U.S. immigration system does need to be revamped, Meissner said, but mostly to eliminate long waiting times and big backlogs. A plausible way to cut down on that would be to narrow the definition of family, but Meissner said another concern is that many cultures consider aunts, uncles and cousins to be close family.

“If we want a more timely process, we need to narrow the definition. We want immigrants when they’re younger, during their productive, prime earning years so they can contribute to our tax system and society,” Meissner said. “Many immigrants who don’t get in for a decade or longer give up. But if they don’t, and they come here at 45 or 55 years old, we’ve missed out on an opportunity.”

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Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

Australia Jobs growth hit two years high in November

A further 61,600 jobs were added in November, but an increase in the number of people looking for work kept the unemployment rate steady at 5.4 percent.

The economy added far more jobs than expected in November, underlining the strength of the labour market that has grown by 383,000 positions in the past twelve months.

The total number of jobs rose by 61,600 in November, data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics showed, the biggest increase in more than two years and far higher than the 19,000 improvement the market had expected.

However, a rise in the participation rate, which indicates the number of people either employed or actively looking for work, with 65.5 percent kept the unemployment rate steady at 5.4 percent.

Full-time employment again accounted for the bulk of the job growth, rising by 41,900 positions.

The number of part-time jobs rose 19,700.

The Australian dollar was boosted by the news, hitting a one month high of 76.75 US cents, from its level of 76.29 US cents ahead of the release of the data.

JP Morgan economist Tom Kennedy estimates that annual employment growth is now tracking at 3.2 percent.

“This is one of the strongest outcomes in the past decade, and is even more impressive given the persistence of below-trend real GDP growth,” he said.

“The mix of jobs growth has also firmed, with full-time picking up strongly at the expense of part-time employment.”

November job growth was concentrated in Victoria and NSW, but every state and territory recorded gains, indicating a broad-based tightening of the labour market.

Economists said more detailed data to be released next week is likely to show strength in a number of key industries such as construction, professional services and health.

An acceleration in job creation over the past year has followed a revival in business sentiment.

However, wages growth remains weak, weighing on consumer spending and leaving the Reserve Bank hoping that the solid run in employment growth will eventually drive a lift in wages and inflation.

“Jobs are being created, boosting spending power in the economy. But wage growth remains modest and elusive,” CommSec senior economist Ryan Felsman said.

“The wages growth puzzle still needs to be resolved before the Reserve Bank will move interest rates.”

Most economists don’t expect the central bank to lift rates before the second half of 2018.

The quarterly, seasonally adjusted, underemployment rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points to 8.3 percent, while the rate of under-utilisation, which combines unemployed and underemployed populations, fell by 0.3 percentage points to 13.7 percent.

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