A busy final quarter of 2017 for Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs

A busy final quarter of 2017 for Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs

A busy final quarter of 2017 for Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs

A busy final quarter of 2017 for Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs continued to prove over the past few weeks why they are becoming an increasingly popular pathway to Canadian permanent residence.

These programs, which allow provinces and territories to nominate individuals for Canadian permanent residence based on labour market needs, have been especially active in Ontario, British Columbia and Manitoba since CIC News last provided an update in mid-October.

Ontario

Ontario’s Express Entry-aligned Human Capital Priorities Stream once again opened and issued new Notifications of Interest in early November. This immigration stream allows the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) to select candidates from the federal Express Entry pool with the professional skills and ability to integrate into the province’s labour market and communities.

Candidates identified through this stream are issued a Notification of Interest that invites them to apply for provincial nomination by Ontario. Express Entry candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points towards their Comprehensive Ranking System score.

After announcing on November 22 that it had reached its nomination allocation limit for 2017, the OINP issued an update on December 18 announcing that it had received an additional allocation from the Government of Canada and would continue processing applications and issuing nominations until this additional quota was met.

In late December, the OINP also issued a progress report that provided a number of interesting details about the program, not least of all the fact that the majority of 2017 nominees are employed in Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) occupations. Software engineers and designers led the OINP’s top five nominee occupation categories, followed by computer programmers and interactive media developers.

In the same report, the OINP showed 1,835 nominees in 2017 hailing from India, with China a close second at 1,608 nominees.

British Columbia

British Columbia’s Provincial Nominee Program, the BC PNP, also had a busy final quarter of 2017. The program issued 1,738 invitations to apply for provincial nomination to candidates from a number of categories in the Skilled Immigration and Express Entry streams over five draws held between October 11 and December 13. This number included invitations to apply issued under the BC PNP’s Tech Pilot, which supports efforts by the province’s technology sector to attract and retain skilled talent.

The minimum scores required for an invitation to apply remained relatively stable over the course of the quarter. The only variation was a slight jump in the minimum under the Express Entry BC Skilled Worker category, which rose from 73 to 80 in the December 6 draw.

The BC PNP also issued 23 invitations to apply through its Entrepreneur Immigration Stream in draws that took place November 1 and November 29.

Manitoba

The big news out of Manitoba in the last quarter of 2017 was the November 15 announcement of its restructured Provincial Nomination Program, the MPNP.

The big changes included the creation of an in-demand occupations list and a new pathway aligned with Canada’s Express Entry system. Manitoba also restructured three existing immigration streams —MPNP-B business immigration stream, Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream and Skilled Worker Overseas Stream — and introduced a new International Education Stream.

The MPNP remained active through the last quarter of 2017, with three draws on October 31, November 23, December 13 and December 29. The draws saw a combined 943 Letters of Advice to Apply issued to candidates in the Skilled Worker in Manitoba stream and another 156 issued to candidates in the Skilled Workers Overseas categories.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan topped off a busy 2017 with two draws in the final quarter of the year, one from its International Skilled Worker — Express Entry sub-category and another from its Entrepreneur stream.

The International Skilled Worker — Express Entry draw took place October 26 and accepted up to 1,000 new applications for provincial nomination. The intake was the sub-category’s largest to date and surpassed the 600 applications that were accepted in each of its two previous openings in 2017.

The International Skilled Worker — Express Entry sub-category is for skilled workers with experience in one of Saskatchewan’s in-demand occupations who are already in the federal Express Entry pool.

The Saskatchewan Entrepreneur Stream held its largest ever draw a few days later, on October 31. This draw saw 285 international entrepreneurs invited to apply for provincial nomination.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia reopened Category B of its Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry stream December 9 to a maximum of 225 applications.

Category B: Paid Work Experience in an Opportunity Occupation requires at least one year of continuous full-time (or 1,560 hours or more) or an equal amount in part-time paid work experience in the last six years in a so-called opportunity occupations, which are defined as professions for which there may be employment opportunities in Nova Scotia.

As with previous openings in 2017, Category B, which operates on a first-come, first-served basis, reached its intake limit quickly.

Category A: Arranged Employment in Nova Scotia remains open. Applicants to this category must have an arranged job offer supported by a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment from a Nova Scotia employer. The job offer must be in a National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill level O, A, or B occupation.

Alberta

The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) announced in October that it would launch two new provincial nomination streams in the new year — the Alberta Opportunity Stream and the Alberta Express Entry Stream.

The Alberta Opportunity Stream will combine the current Employer-Driven Stream and Strategic Recruitment Stream and 11 sub-categories and consolidate them under one set of eligibility criteria.

The Alberta Express Entry Stream will allow the AINP to nominate  a limited number of candidates in the federal government’s Express Entry pool, which includes candidates from the federal government’s three economic immigration classes — the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), the Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

A glance at 2018

The New Year promises to be an even busier one for Canada’s PNPs. Under the federal government’s Multi-Year Immigration Plan, 2018 should see a slight increase in PNP allocations. The allocation target of 55,000 for 2018 represents an eight percent increase over 2017’s target of 51,000.

PNP target admissions

Year Low High Target Target Increase
2017 49,000 54,000 51,000  
2018 53,000 57,400 55,000 4,000 (8%)
2019 57,000 63,500 61,000 6,000 (11%)
2020 62,000 68,500 67,800 6,800 (11%)
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Parents and Grandparents Program now open to interested sponsors

Parents and Grandparents Program now open to interested sponsors

Parents and Grandparents Program now open to interested sponsors

Parents and Grandparents Program now open to interested sponsors

Parents and Grandparents Program now open to interested sponsors

Online Interest to Sponsor form will be available until February 1, 2018

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has now reopened its Parents and Grandparents Program to Canadian citizens and permanent residents who wish to sponsor their parents and grandparents in 2018.

The Interest to Sponsor online form went live around 12 p.m. on January 2. All interested sponsors must first fill out this form, which will be available until February 1, 2018, at 12 p.m.

Submitting the Interest to Sponsor form is not an application but it is the necessary first step for those who want to participate in the Parents and Grandparents Program, or PGP, which allows selected Canadian citizens and permanent residents over the age of 18 to sponsor their parents and grandparents to come to Canada as Canadian permanent residents.

All interested sponsors are asked to first review the eligibility requirements to ensure they qualify for the program, including its income requirements. Please note that the updated Interest to Sponsor form now asks interested sponsors to declare that they have the Minimum Necessary Income (MNI) to support those they hope to sponsor.

The MNI is as follows for interested sponsors in every Canadian province and territory other than Quebec, which has its own income requirements. Interested sponsors must provide proof that they meet the minimum income requirements for each of the last three taxation years.

TOTAL NUMBER OF PEOPLE FOR WHOM

YOU WOULD BE RESPONSIBLE

MNI

2017

MNI

2016

MNI

2015

2 people $39,813 $39,371 $38,618
3 people $48,945 $48,404 $47,476
4 people $59,426 $58,768 $57,642
5 people $67,400 $66,654 $65,377
6 people $76,015 $75,174 $73,733
7 people $84,631 $83,695 $82,091
Each additional person over 7 $8,616 $8,522 $8,358

IRCC selects potential sponsors at random from the Interest to Sponsor submissions that it receives and invites those selected to apply to sponsor their parents and grandparents.

All individuals who submitted an online form will be notified whether they have been invited or not.

Those invited to apply will have 90 days to submit a completed application, including all supporting documents.

IRCC says its aim is to receive 10,000 new applications in 2018.

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How more Indian students and professionals are choosing Canada over the USA?

How more Indian students and professionals are choosing Canada over the USA?

How more Indian students and professionals are choosing Canada over the USA?

How more Indian students and professionals are choosing Canada over the USA?

At a breakfast event at the US Embassy in New Delhi on November 9, 2016, a senior diplomat from the Canadian High Commission discreetly fielded questions on whether more Indians would opt for permanent residence and citizenship in his country, with the new US President Donald Trump taking a hard line on immigration. Fast forward to the winter of 2017 and that trend seems to be becoming a reality. Canada is fast emerging as the preferred destination in North America.

According to the annual Open Doors report on international education released in November by the Institute of International Education (IIE), New York, and the US Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, the enrolment of new Indian students in US campuses remained almost flat in 2016-17, just 1.3% higher than the previous year. Over 500 American colleges and universities reported an average decrease of 7% in the number of newly enrolled students.

Though the 1,86,267 Indian students enrolled in US campuses in 2016-17 still outnumber the 1,00,000 studying in Canada, the latter is showing a significant rise in numbers. In 2016, 52,870 Indian study-permit holders went to Canada, but in 2017 the figure is already 54,425 (till October). On the other hand, the number of fresh visas (for those wishing to study in the issued to students in India was 62,537 in 2016-drop of 16.4% over the previous year.

One of the important attractions of Canada for students is the fact it is 30-40% cheaper the US, even at top universities and colleges. Besides, Trump’s stance on immigration and concerns over racist incidents are taking the shine off US campuses.

Optional practical training (OPT), a programme that allows Indian students to remain in the US after they finish their education, is facing difficulties as the H-1B work visa comes under a cloud. Employers in Canada, on other hands, are wooing Indian students studying in Canada especially those in STEM fields (science, tech, engineering, mathematics). Canada’s express entry system, in fact, creates a pathway for skilled Indians to get fast-track permanent resident status and then citizenship.

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