Future of the US immigration is based on the Affluent Merit based system
Progress seems impossible without a change; the changes might be crucial and hard initially. But resistance to endure the new change makes all that difference. This is exactly what the US will be experiencing in the days to come. The new immigration change is going to be pruned in every proportion of making it to the United States. The changes are yet to be streamlined. But you would witness is just the blueprint as if for now before it comes in full-fledged implementation.
The new administration in the US calls the change Merit-Based Immigration this new affluent policy would benefit the high skilled and the educated who have the flare to make it to the country along with the family members with an added benefit of being issued a permanent residency as well.
The aspects that will matter mandate is an exceptional academic record, highly skilled, being language proficient, above all should be in a position to support them financially. On the other hand, this new system will filter the eligible with highly regarded qualities to make it to the US.
The merit-based system is similar to immigration policies of Canada, Australia, and the UK. Points are awarded for eligible aspiring immigrants who have exceptional skills in relevant jobs, and possessing an advanced degree will add more points. Family ties and immediate relatives in the U.S will carry no consideration in the point based system.
The vision of the new system is to reform immigration the system more legally and also considering not straining public resources. Moreover, the potential based system cuts down to wait for green card applicants from a maximum of a 12 year for working professionals and for those with exceptional qualifications a waiting of 9 years. This wait will be trimmed down as well. You will have to wait before it commences in a more detailed format.
The merit-based system can be classified into two types Tier 1 for high skilled and Tier 2 for the low skilled under which 50% of the visas allocated to each Tier. There are unused visas also which would be added afresh to the current progressive year. Tier 1 visas generally are allotted 120,000 visas currently. Now each year will experience an enhanced 5% bringing it to 250,000 totally based upon supply and demand.
The points will be segregated for Tier 1 for a higher degree 15 points, Bachelors degree 5 points, Based on work experience each year will accrue 3 points, If the applicant has worked job zone 4 or 5 will receive 20 points. Job zone 5 occupations such as Surgeons, Biologists, Scientists, Biophysicists, Anthropologists, Dentists, Mathematicians, Sociologists, General practitioners, were as Job zone 4 would include Computer programmers, Engineers, Software developers and Accountants. Proficiency in English will earn you 10 points; Age and country of origin also will earn points. The overall is set for 100 points, there is no benchmark or passing mark which an applicant should achieve to avail the merit-based system.
The keys reasons for the merit-based system to be implemented is that a drain in tax paying has been identified and displacement of jobs. And the key factor is legal immigrants sponsoring family members are more than employers sponsoring visas. This new system will curb family benefits visa policies but not completely rule out the family sponsorship.
The system which will come in complete action will not affect the H1B visa program which is renowned for attracting more number of Indians to make it to the U.S. The low skilled will have less of an impact as the focus is completely a detour to enhance and bring in high-skilled foreign workers. And bringing in higher skilled will change the phase of the U.S economy.