Canada Provincial Nominee Program PNP for Skilled Workers – Introduction-Features
All skilled workers wishing to immigrate to Canada under the Canadian Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) can do so by applying through several newly launched Express Entry PNP streams of the Canadian Provinces and Territories. The PNP allows the Provinces and Territories to nominate people who meet local economic or labor market needs, for immigration to Canada.
The Express Entry streams of a Canadian Province or Territory’s PNP enable these Provinces and Territories to nominate skilled workers who can contribute to the local economy by satisfying specific labour market shortages, for permanent residence in Canada. These people are required to possess the skills, education, work experience, and language ability needed to make a contribution to the economy of the Province or Territory that nominates them.
The Express Entry is a new electronic application management system introduced by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) from January 2015. This system revamps the way in Canada selects skilled immigrants.
The Express Entry system does not modify or replace the requirements of the Federal economic immigration programs, but rather provides a faster way for skilled workers to gain permanent residence in Canada. The Express Entry stream of a PNP is a fast track option for skilled workers who wish to gain permanent residence in Canada.
To be able to immigrate to Canada as a skilled worker under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) through the Express Entry system, you must have been nominated by a Canadian Province or Territory. In addition, you must satisfy the primary Express Entry eligibility criteria as well as the PNP eligibility criteria as described below.
If you have been nominated under a Province or Territory’s Express Entry stream, you must:
- Fulfil the requirements for their Express Entry PNP stream, and
- Meet the minimum eligibility criteria for Express Entry, which also includes satisfying the requirements of at least one of the Federal economic immigration programs it covers, as listed below:
- The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
- The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Each Province and Territory participating in the PNP has its own Express Entry stream eligibility criteria and nomination guidelines. They differ and can be changed without notice. You can find the most current information on the Province and Territory websites.
Benefits to the Aspirant
If you are a skilled worker with the right work experience, skills, and background, you will be able to make Canada your permanent home through Express Entry.
Applying for immigration through the Express Entry system:
- Enables you to connect with employers in Canada and secure employment Permits you to work in Canada permanently
- Provides you with a simplified and faster method to settle in Canada by helping you to immigrate to Canada in roughly around 6 months
- Cuts down significantly on paperwork
- Apply for citizenship provided that you are eligible to become a Canadian citizen
Applying for immigration to Canada through the Express Entry system under the PNP provides you with an even faster method to obtain permanent residence, since a nomination by a Canadian Province or Territory will provide you with additional Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points and hence a higher ranking in the Express Entry pool. You will almost certainly receive an invitation to apply for permanent residency from CIC. See the section below for more details on the Express Entry pool and CRS.
How the Express Entry stream under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) works
As a skilled worker, you will be able to immigrate to Canada through the PNP after you have been nominated by a Canadian Province or Territory. Most of Canada’s Provinces and Territories have PNPs to nominate people for immigration to Canada. To qualify for a nomination by a Canadian Province or Territory, you are required to have the skills, education and work experience needed to make a contribution to the economy of that province or territory.
You must apply for permanent residence under the PNP in two stages.
- Firstly, you need to apply directly to the Canadian Province or Territory where you wish to settle, to be considered under its PNP. The Province or Territory will then assess your application based on the following two factors:
- If you will be able to meet its local economic or labor market needs, and those of Canada
- If you genuinely plan on living there
Each Province and Territory participating in the PNP has its own criteria and nomination guidelines. They vary and can be changed without notice. You can find the most current information on the Province and Territory websites. You can also find detailed information about the selection processes and stipulations to get a Provincial Nominee Certificate, on their websites.
- After a Canadian Province or territory approves your application and nominates you, your next step is to apply to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence within the time span given to you. The nominating Province or Territory will then inform you to apply through the Express Entry system under an Express Entry PNP stream.
If you are not already placed in the Express Entry pool, you have to complete an Express Entry profile to be used by CIC. If you are found to be eligible, you will be placed in the Express Entry pool with other candidates. After you are in the pool, you will be assessed and then ranked using several factors which constitute a points-based system known as the CRS. As mentioned above, additional points will be given to candidates who have a nomination by Canadian Provinces or Territories under their PNPs. Accordingly, you will be given a points score based on the information you provided in your Express Entry profile.
Subsequently, a CIC officer will evaluate your application based on Canadian immigration rules. As a part of the application process, you must pass an immigration medical exam. You are also required to provide a police certificate from each country or territory that you have lived in for six months or more since the age of 18.
These are the Canadian Provinces and Territories that have an agreement with the Government of Canada and are offering the PNP:
The Program names and abbreviations for each of the PNPS are also listed below.
- Alberta (Province)- Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
- British Columbia (Province) – BC Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
- Manitoba (Province) – Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
- New Brunswick (Province)- New Brunswick Provincial Nominee Program (NBPNP)
- Newfoundland and Labrador (Province)- Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)
- Northwest Territories (Territory) – Northwest Territories Nominee Program (NTNP)
- Nova Scotia (Province) – Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
- Ontario (Province) – Opportunities Ontario: Provincial Nominee Program (OPNP)
- Prince Edward Island (Province) – Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program (PEI PNP)
- Saskatchewan (Province) – Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
- Yukon (Territory) – Yukon Nominee Program (YNP)
Alternatively, Provinces and Territories can nominate skilled workers directly from the Express Entry system to immigrate to Canada through their PNPs to satisfy local labor market shortages.
How the Express Entry system works
The Express Entry systems consist of two steps:
- You must find out whether you are eligible to get into the Express Entry system
- If so, you have to complete your online Express Entry profile
Creating your online Express Entry profile
If you are eligible, you have to complete an Express Entry profile to be used by CIC. Your Express Entry profile is a secure form that contains information regarding your:
- Contact information
- Education in detail
- Work experience in detail
- Language ability
- Family who would come with you to Canada (dependents) and
- Other details that will help CIC to assess you
The information provided by you in your profile will be utilized to determine your eligibility to immigrate to Canada. If you are eligible, you will be placed in the Express Entry pool with other candidates. Once you are put into the pool, you will be assessed and then ranked using several factors which constitute a points-based system known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS evaluates your profile with respect to your skills, work experience, language abilities, education and other relevant factors.
These factors have been shown to play a role in the economic success of immigrants once in Canada and help them prosper in Canada. Additional points will be granted to candidates who have a job offer or a nomination by one of Canada’s Provinces or Territories under their PNPs. You will consequently be given a points score based on the information you provided in your profile.
Express Entry rounds of invitations and Invitation To Apply (ITA)
The CIC will select highest ranking candidates from the Express Entry pool on a regular basis over the course of each year and issue Invitations to Apply (ITA) for permanent residence. The electronic system will use a set of Ministerial Instructions (MIs) to invite candidates from the pool during each round of invitations. If these instructions do not stipulate the immigration programs the candidates must be eligible for, the ITAs will be based on the CRS score only.
If and when the CIC invites a candidate to apply, the candidate will have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence online along with all supporting documents.
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Canada has a strong economy and a potential for greater growth. One of the most important goals of Express Entry 2015 is to ensure that a strong link exists between economic immigration and the needs of Canadian labor market. With this system, labor market shortages in Canada can be filled permanently with skilled foreign workers. And as in a symbiotic relationship, Canada has an immense job market and abundant opportunities for skilled workers.
You can find detailed and the most current information regarding nominations and specific requirements on the respective Province and Territory websites. To learn more about the Express Entry system 2015 and for information with respect to the Express Entry eligibility criteria, visit the relevant links. For more information regarding the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), visit the relevant links.
For more information on any of the sections of the Canada Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) for Skilled Workers, visit the relevant links.