What is the Quebec Immigration Process? How to Apply?

What is the Quebec Immigration Process?



Under the 1991 Canada-Quebec Accord, the Government of Quebec is in charge of choosing outsiders to the region. The determination procedure is overseen by Quebec’s Immigration Ministry, the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Diversité et de l’Inclusion (MIDI).

The Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ) is a report issued by MIDI that demonstrates to Canada’s government that a candidate has been chosen for movement to Quebec. Movement hopefuls who are issued a CSQ would then be able to apply for perpetual occupant status Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

The Quebec Immigration service:

Survey remote nationals’ qualifications for a CSQ under Quebec’s different monetary movement, business migration, displaced person and philanthropic classifications; and issues CSQs to candidates who meet the criteria for migration to Quebec.

The Government of Canada keeps on administering the accompanying:

Security, criminal and therapeutic individual verifications that decide the tolerability of new migrants to Canada; and

Formation of classifications and classes of movement, dispensing and implementing yearly migration levels while mulling over the number of migrants the Government of Quebec wishes to greet at whatever year.

What are Quebec’s Economic Immigration Programs?

Remote nationals who are keen on settling in Quebec can apply for a CSQ in one of the accompanying monetary migration classes:

Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) otherwise called the Regular Skilled Worker Program: This is Quebec’s key migration class for gifted laborers who need to wind up lasting inhabitants of Canada and live in Quebec.

Under this program, the Government of Quebec applies a novel focuses framework to organize potential contenders for a CSQ. Focuses are doled out dependent on ‘human capital factors’ that incorporate instruction and preparing, talented work understanding, capability in English or French, among others.

Quebec Experience Class, Program de l’expérience Québécoise (PEQ): The PEQ is a well-known movement alternative for global understudies who have acquired a qualified confirmation from a Quebec post-auxiliary establishment and gifted specialists with qualified work involvement in the region.

Quebec Business Immigration: Foreign nationals who can demonstrate they have the assets can apply for migration to Quebec under a wide scope of business movement programs for financial specialists, business people, and independently employed people. Quebec intends to issue somewhere in the range of 2,100 and 2,800 CSQs to agents in 2019.

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key developments in Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program in the first half of 2019

A big first half of 2019 for Canada’s Express Entry-linked Provincial Nominee Programs

Provincial Nominee Program

Provincial Nominee Program

CIC News looks at some of the key developments in Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program in the first half of 2019

Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program was expected to hit the ground running in 2019 and it did not disappoint.

The Provincial Nominee Program, or PNP, allows participating Canadian provinces and territories to nominate foreign workers and international graduates for Canadian permanent residence through a network of streams tailored to their various labor market needs.

The PNP’s performance so far this year comes as no surprise given it entered 2019 with increased nomination allocations for several provinces and a higher overall admissions target for the year compared to 2018.

Express Entry-aligned PNP streams

PNP streams aligned with the federal Express Entry system were extremely active in the first six months of 2019, issuing thousands of invitations to apply for a provincial nomination to immigration candidates with a profile in the federal government’s Express Entry pool.

The Express Entry pool is comprised of candidates for Canada’s three Federal High Skilled immigration programs — the Federal Skilled Worker Class, Federal Skilled Trades Class, and Canadian Experience Class.

Each candidate is awarded a score under Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based on factors that include age, education, skilled work experience and proficiency in English or French. This score determines their rank in the Express Entry pool.

While a provincial nomination is not required in order to be eligible for Express Entry, candidates with a provincial nomination receive an additional 600 points toward their CRS score and, as a result, are effectively fast-tracked for an invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

These 600 points can be especially critical to Express Entry candidates with core CRS scores that are lower than the cut-off scores in federal invitation rounds.

In order to be considered for a provincial nomination through most Express Entry-aligned PNP streams, the first step is to enter a profile in the Express Entry pool.


Ontario’s 2019 allocation of 6,900 nominations is the largest of the nine provinces and two territories that take part in the PNP.

Ontario is Canada’s most populous province and home to both the country’s biggest city, Toronto and Canada’s national capital, Ottawa. The province receives the greatest share of newcomers to Canada each year and was the destination of 64 percent of new permanent residents admitted through the Express Entry system in 2018.

The Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)’s three Express Entry-linked streams were by far its most active in the first half of 2019, issuing a total of 3,846 Notifications of Interest (NOIs) to Express Entry candidates.  Only Express Entry candidates with an NOI can apply for a provincial nomination for Canadian permanent residence.

Ontario’s three Express Entry-linked streams are:

  • Human Capital Priorities
  • French-Speaking Skilled Worker
  • Skilled Trades

These streams allow the OINP to search the federal Express Entry pool for candidates who meet their respective eligibility requirements.

A job offer is not among the listed requirements for the three streams and only the Human Capital Priorities Stream requires a minimum CRS score.

Of the 3,846 NOIs issued through these streams in the first half of 2019, 67 percent (2,565) were issued through the Human Capital Priorities Stream in two draws, both of which had a minimum Express Entry CRS score of 439.

This trend has continued into the second half of 2019, which Ontario kicked off by announcing the Human Capital Priorities Stream would hold draws for Express Entry candidates with work experience in one of six eligible tech occupations.

The OINP’s first Tech Draw was subsequently held on July 8 and a total of 1,623 Express Entry candidates with CRS scores as low as 439 were issued NOIs — a new NOI record for the Human Capital Priorities Stream.

The OINP’s Express Entry-linked French-Speaking Skilled Worker and Skilled Trades streams were also active in the first six months of 2019 and issued a combined 1,281 NOIs.

The French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream allows the OINP to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who meet its French and English proficiency requirements, among other selection criteria.

The Skilled Trades Stream allows the OINP to search the Express Entry pool for Federal Skilled Worker Class and Canadian Experience Class candidates currently living in Ontario who have a minimum of one year full-time work experience, or the equivalent in part-time work, in Ontario in a skilled trade listed in Minor Group 633 or Major Group 72, 73, or 82 under Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC), among other criteria.


The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)’s Express Entry Stream has been one of Canada’s more talked-about PNP pathways since its creation just over a year ago and the first six months of this year were no exception.

The AINP uses the stream to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who meet its eligibility criteria, which include a minimum CRS score of only 300.

A job offer or previous work in Alberta is not required, but candidates must be working in an occupation that supports “Alberta’s economic development and diversification priorities.” The AINP does not provide a list of eligible occupations.

The AINP also says it may give priority to candidates with:

  • a job offer and/or work experience in Alberta;
  • a degree from a Canadian post-secondary institution and a valid job offer; or
  • a parent, child or sibling already living in Alberta.

The AINP held 16 draws through the stream and issued a total of 3,816 NOIs. The most exciting aspect of these draws was the fact eight of them had a minimum CRS score requirement of 302 or less. Four of these draws had a cut-off score of 300.

By comparison, the lowest cut-off score in the 13 all-program federal Express Entry draw so far in 2019 was 438; nine of these 13 draws had a cut-off score above 450.

Nova Scotia

The province of Nova Scotia on Canada’s East Coast showed why it is one of Canada’s PNPs to watch in the first half of 2019.

The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) is one of Canada’s most innovative nominee programs and uses three streams to select Express Entry candidates.

The NSNP used its Labour Market Priorities Stream on three occasions to search the Express Entry pool and identify candidates with work experience in specific occupations. A job offer is not among the stream’s selection criteria and a minimum CRS score is not always required.

Its June 3 draw invited 312 Express Entry candidates with work experience as early childhood educators and assistants and did not have a CRS requirement. A January 25 draw for financial auditors or accountants had a CRS cut-off of 400.

The NSNP also held a Labour Market Priorities Stream draw in March for Express Entry candidates who listed French as their first language. No cut-off score was specified for this draw.


Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker: Express Entry sub-category also had a busy first half of 2019.

This sub-category operates on an Expression of Interest (EOI) basis, meaning Express Entry candidates who would like to be considered for a provincial nomination from Saskatchewan must register a separate profile with the province.

Profiles are awarded a score based on Saskatchewan’s unique points grid and the highest-scoring candidates are issued an invitation to apply for a provincial nomination through regular draws from the province’s EOI pool.

In order to be eligible, Express Entry candidates must have work experience in an occupation listed as in-demand in the province, among other criteria. A job offer is not required in order to be eligible.

The Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP) held eight invitation rounds through its Express Entry sub-category during the first half of 2019 and issued 1,166 invitations to apply for a provincial nomination.

The SINP also revised the in-demand occupations list twice during this period, with the addition of professions such as Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers, among others.

Candidates with work experience in several of the newly added occupations were then targeted by the SINP in subsequent draws.

These targeted draws were conducted through the SINP’s Express Entry sub-category on three occasions between January and July 2019.

Other PNP activity

Express Entry-linked streams in the provinces of Manitoba, Prince Edward Island, and British Columbia were also active in the first six months of this year.

The Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program issued more than 4,500 invitations to skilled worker candidates over the course of 12 draws, of which at least 300 went to Express Entry candidates.

Prince Edward Island held six draws between January and July and issued a combined 671 invitations to candidates in its Express Entry and Labour Impact categories.

The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program also issued invitations through its Express Entry B.C. Stream on a weekly basis in the first half of 2019.

“Canada’s PNP streams are constantly evolving to meet labour market needs across the country,” said David Cohen, senior partner with the Campbell, Cohen Canadian immigration law firm in Montreal, Canada.

“For Express Entry candidates with lower scores, a provincial nomination can be the difference between obtaining Canadian permanent residence and not.”

Posted in Alberta, British Columbia, Canada, Canada PNP, Express Entry, Immigration, Visa and Immigration | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Reasons for UK Visitor visas or Tourist visas refusals

Reasons for UK Visitor visa refusals

UK Visa

UK Visa

UK visa application is the most strict and highly scrutinized visa process. The UK Visas and Immigration receives thousands of visa applications every year that do not meet visa requirements.

It’s your responsibility to make sure you are eligible, meet the requirements and provide the necessary documentation.

Once you have a UK visa refusal, it permanently remains in the records of the UK Home Office. Each time you re-apply, your previous UK visa refusal comes up. It becomes an unavoidable hindrance to all of your future UK visa applications. Therefore, you must get approval in the first attempt itself.

This article walks you through the top 11 UK visa refusal reasons. Go through and understand each of them. Analyze your own visa application to figure what’s lacking and what needs to be done. It should help you build a strong case and get approval in your first attempt.

This list should also help if you are reapplying after your UK visa refusal.

Without further due, let’s get started.


The visa refusal reasons in this article are actual reasons quoted by the UK visa officers in the visa refusal letters. After going through several visa refusal letters from my readers, I put this article together to help you all analyze your own applications and avoid future rejections.


This article is meant for UK visa applicants with “tourism” intent. This article may not be relevant to those applying for UK study/work/spouse/immigration visas.

Top 11 reasons for UK visa refusals

  1. Long itinerary
  • “You have stated that you wish to visit the UK for 1 month”

Be realistic. The UK is small and you only need a few days to explore. A long itinerary looks suspicious. It looks as if you will be living or working in the UK rather than site seeing.

The UK is also expensive. You must have enough funds to justify your itinerary.

A 7-10 day itinerary works the best for UK visa. If you are only visiting London, probably less than 7 days is better.

  1. Unclear itinerary
  • “You did not indicate what you intend to do or where you intend to stay. The plans for this trip are unclear and lacking in detail.”

Specify a detailed itinerary in your cover letter. The itinerary should include the dates, cities and your day-to-day activities in each city.

If your itinerary is too long, attach an additional page to your cover letter.

  1. Lack of leave approval letter
  • “It is unclear if your employer has agreed for you to be away from work for the period of this trip, and therefore that you will return to this employment following this trip.”

Include a leave approval letter from your employer. A leave approval letter is the single most documents that can strengthen your case. It indicates two things –

  • You have strong ties with your country
  • You have the obligation to return back to your country after your UK trip

Your leave approval letter should clearly mention that you have been granted leave to travel to the UK and you will return to your current job after your vacation.

This letter must be on the company letterhead with the original HR or manager’s signature. You must have your HR or manager write this letter specifically for your UK travel.

If you cannot obtain a leave approval letter, have your employer at least mention your leave details in the employment letter.

  1. Lack of salary deposits in your bank account
  • “Your stated monthly income is not reflected in the history of the account”

It is not uncommon to have a UK visa rejected due to bank statements. Apart from your employment documentation, you must be able to show your monthly salary in your bank statement.

Make sure your employer deposit your salary directly into your bank account. Your regular salary deposits indicate two things –

  • You are genuinely employed and have a steady source of income
  • You have genuinely saved up to travel to the UK and not borrowing money from someone

Have your employer deposit your salary directly into your bank account. It’s fine if you have to withdraw cash for expenses, family, etc. But, it is important to have your salary deposited directly into your bank account.

If you receive a physical paycheck, deposit the check yourself in the bank regularly every month.

  1. Large undocumented deposits in your bank account


“Large credits have been made which are in excess of your stated monthly income”


“I am not satisfied with the origin of these funds or that they are genuinely available to you”


“The sources of these deposits are not demonstrated by the documents provided”

As I mentioned in the above reason, it’s not uncommon to have a UK visa rejected due to bank statements.

Large deposits in your bank account indicate that you have borrowed money to inflate the numbers in your bank account. Visa officers will not be convinced that the funds in your account are your own and are available for you to use.

Make sure there are no large deposits in your bank account. If you already have large deposits in your account, provide proof of the source of those deposits. Example –

  • If you have received money from selling a property, attach the sales deed to the bank statement
  • If you have received money from rents, attach the rental agreements from your tenants
  1. Exhausting all your savings or spending several times your monthly income


“I don’t find it credible that you would exhaust nearly all the funds available to you”


“This amount represents over half your declared savings or over x months of your monthly expenditure”

If the total expenditure of your UK trip is more than half of your savings or several times your monthly salary, your visa will be refused. It’s not realistic to exhaust all your savings on one trip to the UK. You would need to preserve at least half of your savings for emergencies.

Also, it is not wise to spend more than 2 times your monthly income on your UK trip. If your monthly salary is low, wait until your monthly salary improves. If your savings are low, take a few more months to build your savings. But taking chances and applying for your UK visa not only leads to refusal but affects all your future visa results.

Even if you have received a gift or bonus from your employer or your sponsor is taking care of your expenses, you are still required to show a saving that is more than twice your UK trip expenditure. This is to make sure you can support yourself during your trip in case your sponsor or employer decides not to support you.

  1. Lack of travel history


“I am not satisfied that you are a genuinely seeking entry as a visitor and that you intend to leave the UK at the end of your visit”


“I note that you have never traveled to the UK or anywhere else before”

Travel history indicates that you do not have illegal immigration intent. If you were to stay illegally anywhere, you could have done it so already in any of those countries you have been to so far.

If you do not have travel history, build your travel history first.

Travel to some visa-required countries. The more the countries you travel, the better it is for your UK visa.

  1. Lack of detailed cover letter


“I am not satisfied that you have sufficient ties and would, in fact, leave the UK on completion of your proposed visit”

UK visa application forms may not ask all the details that you want to convey. Therefore, a cover letter is a way for you to convey that additional information and convince the visa officer that you are genuinely seeking entry as a visitor.

Write a detailed cover letter mentioning your proposed itinerary, your financial situation, your travel history, your intention to return back, etc.

Your cover letter should not exceed one page. Use bullets instead of paragraphs. The simpler, cleaner the better.

Keep in mind that the UK visa officers may not be familiar with terminology from your country. Do not use words, designations, addresses, etc that are not familiar to them.

Visa officers may have lots of work on their plates. So, your cover letter should convey what you want to convey clearly and quickly.

  1. Lack of proper documentation from your sponsor


“I am not satisfied that your sponsor will be able to provide maintenance and accommodation during your sponsor trip”

If you are using a sponsor for your UK visa, you must have the following documentation from your sponsor. If you don’t have all of this documentation from your sponsor, you will be risking your visa.

  • A letter from your sponsor undertaking that he/she would arrange your accommodation, transportation, and other expenses while you are in the UK
  • Your sponsor’s bank statements for the last 3 months (must indicate employer pay deposits and have no large undocumented deposits)
  • Your sponsor’s British passport’s main page
  • Your sponsor’s British postal poll card
  • Your sponsor’s utility bill

Just having an invitation letter is not sufficient. An invitation letter is not legally enforceable and such letters will not help unless you provide additional documentation from your sponsor such as those mentioned above.

  1. Not disclosing any previous visa refusals


“I am aware that you have been refused a US visa and you do not declare this on your visa application form”

UK Home Office may have information sharing with other countries. You must enter only true information and must disclose any previous visa refusals from any country, not just the UK.

Pretty much all the information you provide is verifiable these days. Therefore, not disclosing your previous visa rejections can lead to your UK tourist visa refusal.

  1. No change in circumstances since your previous visa refusal


“I note that you were previously refused entry clearance”


“You are likely to be refused unless the circumstances of your application change”

If your circumstances haven’t changed since your previous UK visa refusal, your visa may be refused again. Multiple visa refusals can lead to blacklisting and permanent ban. It’s wise to not apply at all than dealing with a visa refusal again.

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