Test of English as Foreign Language - popularly known as TOFEL is English-language
proficiency assessments, is a pre requisites requirement for students seeking
admissions overseas. The TOEFL test is a registered trademark of Educational
Testing Service (ETS) and is administered worldwide.
The TOEFL test measures the ability of non native speakers of English to
communicate in English in the college or university classroom. Test scores
are used in the admissions process at more than 7,000 academic institutions
throughout the world.
Validity: A TOEFL score is valid for two years.
The Internet-Based test (iBT) consists of Reading, Listening, speaking and
The Reading section consists of 3-5 passages, each approximately 700 words
in length and questions about the passages. The passages are on academic
topics; they are the kind of material that might be found in an undergraduate
university textbook. Passages require understanding of rhetorical functions
such as cause-effect, compare-contrast and argumentation. Students answer
questions about main ideas, details, inferences, essential information,
sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas. Prior
knowledge of the subject under discussion is not necessary to come to the
correct answer. Approximately it takes 60 - 100 minutes of test time.
The Listening section consists of 6 passages, 3-5 minutes in length and
questions about the passages. These passages include 2 student conversations
and 4 academic lectures or discussions. A conversation involves 2 speakers,
a student and either a professor or a campus service provider. A lecture
is a self-contained portion of an academic lecture, which may involve student
participation and does not assume specialized background knowledge in the
subject area. Each conversation and lecture stimulus is heard only once.
Test takers may take notes while they listen and they may refer to their
notes when they answer the questions. Each conversation is associated with
5 questions and each lecture with 6. The questions are meant to measure
the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, relationships
between ideas, organization of information, speaker purpose and speaker
attitude. Approximately it takes 60 - 90 minutes of test time.
There is a break period of 10minutes before the start of next
section of test.
The Speaking section consists of 6 tasks, 2 independent tasks and 4 integrated
tasks. In the 2 independent tasks, test takers answer opinion questions
on familiar topics. They are evaluated on their ability to speak spontaneously
and convey their ideas clearly and coherently. In 2 of the integrated tasks,
test takers read a short passage, listen to an academic course lecture or
a conversation about campus life and answer a question by combining appropriate
information from the text and the talk. In the 2 remaining integrated tasks,
test takers listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about
campus life and then respond to a question about what they heard. In the
integrated tasks, test takers are evaluated on their ability to appropriately
synthesize and effectively convey information from the reading and listening
material. Test takers may take notes as they read and listen and may use
their notes to help prepare their responses. Test takers are given a short
preparation time before they have to begin speaking. It takes 20 minutes
of test time.
The Writing section measures a test taker's ability to write in an academic
setting and consists of 2 tasks, 1 integrated task and 1 independent task.
In the integrated task, test takers read a passage on an academic topic
and then listen to a speaker discuss the same topic. The test taker will
then write a summary about the important points in the listening passage
and explain how these relate to the key points of the reading passage. In
the independent task, test takers must write an essay that states, explains
and supports their opinion on an issue, supporting their opinions or choices,
rather than simply listing personal preferences or choices.
The iBT version of the TOEFL test is scored on a scale of 0 to 120 points.
Each of the four sections (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) receives
a scaled score from 0 to 30. The scaled scores from the four sections are
added together to determine the total score.
Speaking is initially given a score of 0 to 4, and writing is initially
given a score of 0 to 5. These scores are converted to scaled scores of
0 to 30.
Most colleges use TOEFL scores as only one factor in their admission process.
A sampling of required TOEFL admissions scores shows that a total score
of 74.2 for undergraduate admissions and 82.6 for graduate admissions may
To register for your TOFEL follow this URL: www.ets.org