Australia is one of the most urbanized populations
in the world with nearly half the population living in either Sydney or
Melbourne. However the national identity is strongly linked with farming
and the bush. This can be partly attributed to the traditional economic
prevalence of primary industries, particularly mining and agriculture. Australian
standards of living are very high by world standards and the population
is generally well educated.
Australia is both an island and a continent;
it is the largest island but smallest continent in the world. It is about
thirty seven hundred kilometers from north to south and four thousand kilometers
from east to west. It has an area of nearly 7.7 million square kilometers
and is the sixth largest nation on earth; it is the lowest of all the continents
with the highest point at only 2228 meters. The landscape variety more than
compensates for the lack of height. Climatic zones range from tropical rainforests,
to deserts, and cool temperate forests to snow covered mountains, Indigenous
Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islanders made up all the people of Australia
before the arrival of European settlers in 1788. They formed many groups
with their lifestyle, religious and cultural traditions reflecting a deep
connection with the land. They spoke one or more of hundreds of languages.
Now, they make up only a small part of the total number of Australians.
They continue to live in all places including cities, towns, the coast,
rural areas. There is no single culture but a mixture of current day and
traditional thoughts, ways and practices.
On 26 January 1788, the First Fleet arrived
in Port Jackson now called Sydney. They commemorate the date of that first
landing as Australia Day, which is their national day. Migrants arriving
with and after the First Fleet were mainly English convicts and free settlers.
They included Italians, Greeks, Malays and people from other parts of Europe.
The gold rushes attracted a large number of people from Britain, Ireland,
Germany and China. Afghans also came at this time, bringing camels with
them for inland exploration. Early Japanese settlers started the pearling
industry in Australia.
Post World War II Migration
Large-scale migration began after World War
II and it is continuing today. The resettlement of displaced persons and
refugees saw migrants come from Britain, many parts of Europe and the Middle
East. After the abolition of the White Australia policy, migrants also came
from many parts of Asia. Patterns that are more recent see more people coming
from Africa. People from around 200 countries have come to live here and
about a quarter of us were born overseas. We speak more than 200 languages
with English the national language. We are encouraged to read and speak
English. English is the main language used in schools, although schools
teach other languages. Some schools have bilingual programs.
Lifestyle and Interesting Facts
Australians are very friendly and helpful people,
with a great sense of humor and a natural ability to tell jokes and play
The majority of Australians live in coastal areas because the interior of
the country called "the Outback" can be a very arid area with many deserts
and lack of water.
Going to the beach on weekends in Australia is a very popular exercise,
just as much as going to the Shopping Centre or doing any sport. The so
called Australian Beach Culture
is similar to California, Rio de Janeiro, and the Mediterranean. Australians
live by the sea, and the beach complements the house creating an extended
backyard in which to play. With the exception of some places that can get
some winter weather, most of Australia is sunny throughout the year. This
provides an excellent alternative of relaxation all year round.
If you are not going to a special event, the fashion in Australia is pretty
casual and laidback. Australians are very informal when it comes to clothes,
despite the fact that some work places require a good standard of dressing.
"Casual Smart" is required for companies where presentation and image are
important. It consists of a long sleeve one-color shirt, with sleeves folded
to just below the elbow, long pants of a good fabric, and leather shoes.
No tie is necessary. Jacket and tie are usually only worn during business
meetings, by businessmen or Real Estate Agents. Australians vary in their
style of clothing, some loving colorful clothes and stamps, some hating
Preservation of the environment is ten out of ten for Australia. It is amazing;
how much care conscientious Australians dedicate to preserving the environment.
It doesn't only cover nature conservation such as mountains, rivers, forests
and oceans, it spans into the cities as well. Australians love Australia
and are very proud of having a clean and beautiful land. The majority of
the population is very concerned about ecological and preservation matters,
involving themselves as much as possible to keep it that way. Not only will
normal people report damage to the environment, but the authorities will
also give you heavy fines for dumping anything you are not allowed to. Streets
and locations are very clean. There are selective rubbish collections for
most homes with recycling bins separated from bins containing other materials.
Where should I live?
The cities in Australia have many characteristics
that differ between themselves, however they have something in common, the
security. Any big or small city, during the day or night, allows a person
to walk the streets without any problems or worries. The cities have a very
similar infrastructure, which is a reason to why Australians move from one
city to another, in accordance with personal interests. Work is an important
factor in the internal migration; Australians are always looking for opportunities,
and easily move to where they can find them. Today one determined profession
can be in demand in one city, and tomorrow be in demand in another.
The biggest difference however, is in the size and the geographic location,
where the climate has an important influence in the life style of the inhabitants.
There is no good or bad city to live or to visit in Australia. All offer
excellent life styles, job opportunities, amusement, schools, and attractive
tourism. That is, you can choose the life style you prefer, a city where
you will be able to practice a specific sport, or in accordance with what
you plan to study or work. For those job orientated any city of Australia
offers work in a proportional way. In the biggest ones have more job offers,
but also more competition, in small cities, less offers but also fewer candidates.
All cities can offer some kind, its up to you to be able to get them.